The problem is not just the outcome of these deliberations – it is the process itself – Status Quo Deliberation privileges Americans who do NOT live under drones ABOVE the Pakistanis who do – we should shift the debate from the center to the Periphery Gregory 2013 “Moving targets and violent geographies “ 1 Derek Gregory Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies University of British Columbia, Vancouver - targets-and-violent-geographies-final.pdf It is here, too, that the ‘remote split’ that characterizes these operations is at its most insidious . In the U nited S tates public debate has fastened on the summary power of the President to authorize the assassination of American citizens and the threat to domestic privacy posed by surveillance drones; even those who probe the legal-administrative apparatus through which the Obama administration conducts its targeted killings focus attention on Washington , while those who investigate the practice of remote operations concentrate on air bases in the continental United States. These are all important issues, but we should be no less concerned at the ways in which drones have turned other lifeworlds into deathworlds . I understand why Roger Stahl complains that the media fascination with the lives of drone pilots artfully domesticates war, reinscribing the logic of the national security state and inviting the reader-viewer to move easily ‘from the kitchen to the cockpit’. 120 But the interdigit(al)isation of war and peace has a still wider geography. Here is photojournalist Noor Behram, who has spent years bravely documenting the effects of drone strikes on his native North Waziristan: "‘This was like any other day in Waziristan. Coming out of the house, witnessing a drone in the sky, getting along with our lives until it targets you. That day it was in the morning and I was at home playing with my children. I spotted the drone and started filming it with my camera and then I followed it...’ 1 21 " This needs an even wider-angle lens . As I have shown , it is a serious mistake to abstract drones from the history of bombing (indeed, the Pakistan Air Force also carries our air strikes in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas) or from the present grim reality of ground war . Drones have undoubtedly made a difference to the conduct of later modern war, and we desperately need to attend to what Elspeth van Veeren calls ‘the sensible politics of drone warfare’ – by ‘sensible’ she means, I think, acutely and insistently material 122 – but neither their genealogy nor their geography can be severed from the matrix of military and paramilitary violence of which they are but a part. And that matrix should remain the primary target of critical analysis and political action.
Contention 3 – the Jirga In order to understand the conflict taking place in the tribal regions of Pakistan, It
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- Winter '07
- Tribal chief, Federally Administered Tribal Areas , Akbar Ahmed, "What is an American?"