74. What is currently the overall unionization rate in the United States?a) 7%b) 11%c) 17%d) 25%e) 37%75. A major tire manufacturer nearly did not reach agreement with one of its major unions last time over health care coverage and retirement provisions. The contract has 10 months to go before expiration, but both sides are hard at work on the new contract. The Detroit Free Press had a lead article that health care would be further reduced under the new agreement. At noon, after the workers had read and discussed the matter, they walked off the job to demonstrate their dissatisfaction with the proposed management action. What kind of technique is being used?76. An ironworkers union has been trying to negotiate a new contract with the contractor for months. The contract expired last night at midnight. All the workers showed up, on time, this morning, then walked off the site. What kind of technique is being used?77. A teachers' union has been trying to negotiate a new contract with school officials for thirty days. The old contract expires in two months, the day before school starts for the year. To resolve the contract negotiation disputes, a panel has been formed to decide on how to settle the contract dispute. The three-member panel consists of a teacher, a school superintendent, and a local businessman. They are listening to testimony from both sides before rendering their decision.What kind of impasse resolution technique is being used?78. A teachers' union has been trying to negotiate a new contract with school officials for 30 days. The old contract expires in two months, the day before school starts for the year. To resolve the contract negotiation disputes, a third party has been hired to pull together the common ground that exists and to make recommendations in the settlement that would overcome barriers that exist between the two sides. What kind of impasse resolution technique is being used?a) Lockoutb) Conciliationc) Mediationd) Interest arbitratione) Fact-finding79. Workers in an automotive plant are threatening to strike. Management has given executives huge pay raises. The current contract expires in eight months, but work has already begun on the new contract. Management wants to give smaller raises to the union than has been given in contracts for the past 20 years. Lambert has been hired to make sure that negotiations don’t break down, that management and labor keep talking to each other. What is Lambert doing?
80. When did union membership reach its pinnacle in the United States?