Similar to the goals of MacDonald, but MacDonald had only had limited success in bringing immigrants to the West, only big boom around the building of the railway (18811884)A) Why is Laurier and his Policies so Successful?1)The End of the American FrontierThe best farm land in the American West is taken, and settledNow Immigrants in Europe are going to begin to look elsewhere18701900, more people left Canada than came to Canada, because of theattraction to the USA2)Development of new Farming Techniques and Early Ripening GrainsThe Grain they brought from Eastern Canada took too long to ripen beforethe Frost on the Prairies Maquis Wheat, ripen 10 days earlierDevelopment of the early tractors steel wheels, pulled by Horses 3) Homestead Act was modified
They were now allowed 5 years to clear and plant at least 30 acres of your land, and build a house on the land, more time was needed to meet the criteria4)Changing world conditionsBigger and better ships to transport immigrants to Canada, steel hull shipsinstead of wooden (much safer, as maybe half the wooden ships would sink on the way)Exploding population in Europe, so they needed to spread out5)Laurier choose good people to be in his government, Clifford SiftonHe choose Clifford Sifton to be the Minister of the Interior in charge of promoting Immigration to Canada, Manitoba manSifton believes in Western CanadaHe first changes the philosophy of what type of immigrants they wantPreviously, They had wanted to have British, French or north western European immigrants, they were seen as the most civilized, and they werealso white, then below that, Italians, Spanish, Then below that, Ukrainians,Balkans Eastern etc., then the Brown onesThe White race thought it was their goal to save all the other races and bring them to CivilizationSifton thought that Eastern Europeans would make the best farmers, because they were already farmers and used to the climateSifton will start targeting Eastern Europe by hiring agents and companies to represent Canada to go to Europe and Advertise CanadaThe Railways establish special immigration agents to attract immigrants as well, because they have to sell the land around the CPR that they got in the dealEach immigrant that an agent recruited the more of a bonus they got big incentiveSifton Realized if he could get town leaders (mayors, churchmen, etc) on his side they could convince other people to come, so he paid for these officials to come visit Canada, gave them a 5 star treatment then sent them back to their home to convince their people to immigrateSifton sent immigration officers to the States to rodeos and other events, advertising in local newspapers, to attract people to come to CanadaB) Immigrant Restrictions1)ChineseThey were brought to build the Railway, but it was expected they go home after it was build because they were not believed to be able to assimilate easily
They tried to keep the Chinese numbers down by The Head Tax, an
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