2 skinner identifies several sources of reinforcement

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2.Skinner identifies several sources of reinforcement for the tact.What are they?
3.Skinner suggests that a tact may come under conditional stimulus control.Whydoes this occur?Describe some additional sources of stimulus control for the tact.(p. 89)
4.What is an extended tact? Define and give examples of (a) generic extension, (b)metaphorical extension, (c) metonymical extension, (d) solecistic extension. (p.91).How are these related to stimulus generalization?
Metaphorical extension:As defined by Skinner “A second type ofextension takes place because of the control exercised byproperties of the stimulus which, though present atreinforcement does not enter into the contingency respected bythe verbal community.” An example of a metaphorical tact couldbe someone saying “Her skin is like porcelain”though there isno porcelain present, it is know that porcelain is delicate and fairin color, so it would be assumed that is her skin type.Metonymical extension:This is the extension of a tact thatoccurs when a stimulus acquires control over the responsebecause it frequently accompanies the stimulus upon whichreinforcement is normally contingent. An example of this wouldbe “It’s raining cats and dogs” when really it just means that it israining very hard.Solecistic extension:The property which gains control of theresponse is only distantly related to the defining property uponwhich standard reinforcements are contingent or is similar to thatproperty for irrelevant reasons. An example of this would be “Thefirst shall be last and the last shall be first”These are all related to stimulus generalization because each ofthese extensions is being applied to stimuli in other ways thathow they were originally trained or have previously occurred.5.What is Chomsky’s rebuttal to chapter 5 in Skinner?6.How does MacCorquodale respond to Chomsky?
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Skinner, B F Skinner

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