[Group 11] Japan's overcoming severe pollution in the period of 1950s-1970s and experiences for V

Economic development can bring many benefits for

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Economic development can bring many benefits for humans. Rapid expansion of the Minamata factory spurred on the local economy and as Chisso prospered, so did Minamata. This fact, combined with the lack of other industry, meant that Chisso had great influence in Minamata. At one point, over half of the tax revenue of Minamata City authority came from Chisso and its employees, and the company and its subsidiaries were responsible for creating a quarter of all jobs in Minamata. But it is not because of economic growth that we can ignore the risk of environmental 18
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pollution causing potential long-term serious drawbacks for the country and its people. Minamata disease, the horror of how the Japanese in the late 60s early 70 century before, just in a period of economic development "miracle" of Japan is the typical example about unsustainable economic development causing bad effects on environment and humans In Vietnam, we attract foreign investors for development requirements but pay little attention to environmental factors. Some corporations, for economic interests, have discharged untreated waste directly into the environment and caused pollution. The case of Vedan is an example and many other cases are still ongoing. Vietnam may gain the high speed of economic development in recent years, but also face the problem of serious environmental pollution. If the scale of 1-5 is the environmental pollution level (1 being the most polluted less), that in VN certainly stands at the end. Vietnamese government can learn experiences from the Thi Vai River issue and soon have measures to prevent other death of rivers. Vietnam we are entering the era of industrialization similar to Japan 40 years ago, we should take Minatama lesson into account. Government can continue to hold its current growth, but accelerate environmental priorities. We also need to tighten management on factory waste and improve the quality of polluted rivers such as dredging, to remedy the consequences. Environmental policies should be moved upward to be one of the first urgent problems along with economic development instead of just standing in the 10th position on policy priorities. Minamata disease happened due to a long time of being neglected by the government, if we do not want to pay such a painful price for pollution, we should face the problems immediately. VIII. CONCLUSION Vietnam is without a doubt, on its way of developing. We have achieved some great success since 1976, when slowly got out of the war sufferings and started a 19
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market oriented economy with government regulation. Vietnam ranks 6 among the countries in South East Asia in term of economy, second rice agricultural products exporters in the world. If we just look at the cold numbers and figures, we may forget to take into consideration the on going truth of environmental deterioration. With the economy relied heavily on exporting, including the exporting of raw materials, Vietnam’s nature has been seriously affected and thus we realize the “pay off” is not always positive. Japan’s mistakes and how it tried to tackle the environmental issues are Vietnam’s precious lessons. Which contributed mostly to Japan’s recovery? It was the LAW SYSTEM. Many Japanese, nowadays, have a habit of using paper to wrap food, recycle materials, having high awareness on the nature to name but a few. Lots of plants have to build a recycling system with them in order to be approved. These
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