However, easements cannot normally be consolidated (nowadays registered under Torrens system - issue of being able to register interest within the Torrens system):Re Eddowes  2 Qd 381. Dominant and servient tenements must be different people (NSWreforms have changed this)At common law, an easement is extinguished where the dominant and servienttenement is held by the same person (no benefit being conferred on another party - unification of interest): Moody v Steggles (1879) 12 Ch D 261.^ if the lessor and lessee are the same person - you have no lease69
However, this is no longer the case in NSW. Subdivisions will create all easements referred to in it and easements will not be extinguished if the dominant and servient tenement is held by the same person: Conveyancing Act, s 88B.It is possible to create easements over several parcels of land, even if those parcels are owned by the same person in Torrens title: RPA, s 46A.An easement will not be extinguished if the dominant and servient tenements come into common ownership and possession: RPA, s 47(7).The right must be capable of forming the subject matter of a grantThere must be a capable grantee and a capable grantor (capable in the sense that they can form a valid contract): Re Ellenborough Park  1 Ch.The right must be sufficiently definite. Rights which are broadly expressed, for example, a right “to a view” or for “protection from the weather” or “to receive a television signal,” are all too vague.The rights granted must be capable of being granted as an easement. They should not, for example amount to exclusive use of the servient tenement (the person who is burdened by the servient tenement also has the right to use the easement - not be fair or enforceable for the owner of the dominant tenement to have exclusive usage) or toa right unknown at law (if the subject matter of the grant is unknown - the court cannot enforce the particular interest of the owner of the dominant tenement - right must be enforceable - court cannot control weather for example): Copeland v Greenhalf  1Ch 488.Rights that are NOTprotected by easements include:A right to privacy: Victoria Park Racing and Recreation Grounds v Taylor (1937) 58 CLR 479. Neighbour broadcasted races that occurred next to Neighbour's property - lived next to horse racing groundVictoria Park wanted them to stop broadcasting racesHCA held neighbour was free to continue broadcasting as there is no proprietary right to privacy. Moreover there is no proprietary interest to a spectacle.A right to receive a television signal: Hunter v Canary Wharf Ltd  AC 655. Too vague - difficult for the court to enforceA right to a view: Re Aldred’s Case (1610) 9 Co Rep 57b.A right to protection from the weather: Phipps v Pears  1 QB 76.