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Ratification debates are a great source of reconstructing the public arguments Federalists and Anti-Federalists made for and against the constitution, but cannot rely on them solelyThe Source: Speeches Debating the Constitution from the New York Ratification Convention, June 21-28, 1788•1) Melancton Smith, June 21, 1788oThey should be a true picture of the people, possess a knowledge of their circumstances and their wantsoHave the knowledge necessary for the representative of a free people not only comprehends extensive political and commercial informationoTo enforce taxes, duties, and excises, it calls for the knowledge of the circumstances and ability of the peopleoEvery society naturally divides regardless if it says there are no social classes or no sense of heredity
•4) Robert R. Livingstonorich are unfeeling; they are, less so than the pooroif you have one rich and one poor with equal abilities the latter will take the lead in your government owho are the man that they can trust with their liberties? The men are the ones who are not virtuous, not wise, and not learned •5) Melancton Smith, June 23,1788ofeelings of people= representative ought to understand and govern his conduct by the true interest of the peopleoThe impact of the Constitution would have on the powers of the state governments: oFederalists believed the Constitution would elevate the federal government above the state government enabling it to act independentlyo Anti- Federalists balked in reducing the influenced of the state governments with the federal union because they were less democratic and less prone to corruption •6) Melancton Smith, June 27,1788oOne body cannot legislate a wholeoIt is not possible to collect a set of representatives who are acquainted with all parts of the continent•7) Alexander Hamilton, June 28,1788