E X ER C IS ES 1 Discussion Some clinicians argue that what they do is an art

E x er c is es 1 discussion some clinicians argue

This preview shows page 28 - 31 out of 333 pages.

E X ER C IS ES 1.Discussion: Some clinicians argue that what they do is an “artform” based on intuition and personal experience and thereforecannot be evaluated scientifically. Write a paragraph about howsatisfied you would be with such a clinician and why from each ofthree perspectives:a.a potential client of the clinicianb.a judge who must decide whether to allow the clinician totestify as an expert witness in a child abuse casec.an insurance company representative who must decide whetherto reimburse the clinician for his or her servicesPractice: Create a short list of questions that a client could ask aclinician to determine whether he or she pays sufficient attention toscientific research. 16
Image of page 28
Chapter 2 Getting Started in Research Available under Creative Commons-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License ( http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/ ). Here is the first paragraph of a 2009 article in the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied . Human figure drawings (HFDs) are commonly used by professionals who interview children about suspected sexual abuse. It is assumed that these drawings will decrease children’s linguistic and emotional or motivational limitations, as well as memory problems, and thus will result in the elicitation of more complete and accurate details of abuse. There is, however, little scientific information to support claims of their benefits. This article presents the results of two studies that examined young children’s ability to use HFDs to report body touches. (Bruck, 2009, p. 361) 1 In this paragraph, the researcher has identified a research question—about the effect of using human figure drawings on the accuracy of children’s memories of being touched—and begun to make an argument for why it is interesting. In terms of the general model of scientific research in psychology presented in Figure 1.1 , these are activities at the “top” of the cycle. In this chapter, we focus on these activities—finding research ideas, turning them into interesting empirical research questions, and reviewing the research literature. We begin, however, with some more basic concepts that are necessary to understand how research questions in psychology are conceptualized. 1. Bruck, M. (2009). Human figure drawings and children’s recall of touching. JournalofExperimentalPsychology: Applied,15, 361–374. Chapter 2 17
Image of page 29
2.1 Basic Concepts Available under Creative Commons-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License ( http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/ ). LEARNING OBJECTIVES
Image of page 30
Image of page 31

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture