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E X ER C IS ES1.Discussion: Some clinicians argue that what they do is an “artform” based on intuition and personal experience and thereforecannot be evaluated scientifically. Write a paragraph about howsatisfied you would be with such a clinician and why from each ofthree perspectives:a.a potential client of the clinicianb.a judge who must decide whether to allow the clinician totestify as an expert witness in a child abuse casec.an insurance company representative who must decide whetherto reimburse the clinician for his or her servicesPractice: Create a short list of questions that a client could ask aclinician to determine whether he or she pays sufficient attention toscientific research.16
Chapter 2 Getting Started inResearchAvailable underCreative Commons-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/).Here is the first paragraph of a 2009 article in theJournal of Experimental Psychology: Applied.Human figure drawings (HFDs) are commonly used by professionals who interviewchildren about suspected sexual abuse. It is assumed that these drawings willdecrease children’s linguistic and emotional or motivational limitations, as well asmemory problems, and thus will result in the elicitation of more complete andaccurate details of abuse. There is, however, little scientific information to supportclaims of their benefits. This article presents the results of two studies that examinedyoung children’s ability to use HFDs to report body touches. (Bruck, 2009, p. 361)1In this paragraph, the researcher has identified a research question—about the effectof using human figure drawings on the accuracy of children’s memories of beingtouched—and begun to make an argument for why it is interesting. In terms of thegeneral model of scientific research in psychology presented inFigure 1.1, these areactivities at the “top” of the cycle. In this chapter, we focus on these activities—findingresearch ideas, turning them into interesting empirical research questions, andreviewing the research literature. We begin, however, with some more basic conceptsthat are necessary to understand how research questions in psychology areconceptualized.1. Bruck, M. (2009). Human figure drawings and children’s recall of touching. JournalofExperimentalPsychology: Applied,15,361–374.Chapter 217
2.1 Basic ConceptsAvailable underCreative Commons-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/).LEARNING OBJECTIVES