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49.Any consequence of a behavior that INCREASES the likelihood of that behavior being repeated is called A. punishment.B. reinforcement.C. an aversive event.D. classical conditioning.50.Punishment __________ a behavior by bringing on a(n) _________ event. 51.Reinforcement is most effective when it is __________ after the behavior it is designed to reinforce. 52.Ann's mother has stopped reinforcing Ann to make her bed. Ann's bed-making behavior is likely to be __________.
53.Edwin is learning to ride his bike. Each time that he rides onto the gravel driveway, he loses control of the bike and falls. Eventually Edwin will no longer ride in the driveway. This example represents the learning process of A. negative reinforcement.B. intermittent reinforcement.C. punishment.D. conditioning.54.The use of operant conditioning to modify or shape human behavior is called 55.The principles of social learning theory were developed by 56.According to social learning theory, the most important element in how children learn a language, deal with aggression, develop a sense of morality, and learn gender-appropriate behavior is 57.The process of modeling, or observing and imitating others, is referred to as A. classical conditioning.B. observational learning.C. efficacious learningD. psychoanalytical learning.58.____________ develops as children gradually learn to master challenges and achieve goals. 59.Stacy feels confident in knowing she has what it takes to succeed. Stacy has developed 60.The perspective on human behavior that is concerned with thought processes and the behavior that reflects those processes is called the __________ perspective.