7.What was the impact of the Civil War on civil liberties? 8. Compare and contrast women's efforts in the North and South to support the war effort and their families. ● Both Northern and Southern women were forced to mobilize to support soldiers but through different ways. Northern women filled typical male roles in white-collar jobs or fields. Southern women were forced to maintain their farms and manage business affairs. Southern women were also more likely to be alone because the South was forced to draft more of its population than the North. Southern women faced more difficulty because their self-sufficient farms were hard to manage before the men left, and their discouragement caused a decline in civilian morale. 9.In what ways did the outcome of the Civil War change the United States's status in the world?
1. [Introduction: Marcus Spiegel] 2. The First Modern War 1. The Two Combatants 1. The Union had many advantages (e.g., manufacturing, railroad mileage, and financial resources), but it would need to conquer an area larger than western Europe to win. 2. Confederate soldiers were highly motivated fighters. 3. On both sides, the outbreak of war stirred powerful feelings of patriotism. 2. The Technology of War 1. Railroads were vital to the war effort. 2. The introduction of the rifle changed the nature of combat. 3. Modern warfare included POW camps and disease. 3. The Public and the War 1. Both sides were assisted by a vast propaganda effort to mobilize public opinion. 2. The war was brought to the people via newspapers and photographs. 4. Mobilizing Resources 1. The outbreak of the war found both sides unprepared. 2. Feeding and supplying armies was a challenge for both sides. 5. Military Strategies 1. The Confederacy adopted a defensive strategy. 2. Lincoln realized that his armies had to defeat the Confederacy's armies and dismantle slavery. 6. The War Begins 1. In the East, most of the war's fighting took place in a narrow corridor between Washington and Richmond. 2. The first Battle of Bull Run, a Confederate victory, shattered any illusions that war was romantic. 3. After the First Bull Run, George McClellan assumed command of the Union army of the Potomac. 7. The War in the East, 1862 1. General Lee blunted McClellan's attacks in Virginia and forced him to withdraw to the vicinity of Washington.
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