O 5wasfinancedbythestate facilitatedtheuseofcommerce

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o5% was financed by the statefacilitated the use of commerceDecentralizing: Residents, Commerce, IndustryDTLA was the center of commerceNow industry is moved away/ further out of citiesEx: aeronautic industry a lot of it is in the South bay areaMultipolar city: idea that the center city no longer has that pulloManufacturing, transportation, etc. was centered in DTLA now it is notoBusinesses—Margins take over the centeroPpl move to suburban areaso2. Racially Segregating Spaceoafter 1950soHow is the racial segregation?oRacial Covenance and DeedsRestricted sellers to sell to Africans, Hispanics, etc.Covenance would ban certain thingsThey also have restrictions (ex: what colors to paint your house etc.)o3. Bank and FHA Redliningoban of loans in certain areas or interest rates would be made higher9
o2 huge effectsREDUCED HOME OWNERSHIPCREATED STRONG INCENTIVES FOR HOUSING OWNERS TO LIMIT THE MINORITIES FROM ENTERING THEIR NEIGHBORHOODSPpl would be racist to keep the value of their neighborhood high tried to prevent it from becoming a redline zoneo4. Municipal Zoning: Single Family Property Size Restrictionsothere would multi family housing—apartmentsointroduction of municipalitiesoo3. Urban PolicyoPHYSICAL ATTRIBUTES OF THE CLASSICAL MODERN CITY: SIZE, DENSITY, HETEROGENEITYoLecture 6 – 10/13/16Segregation resulted in the influx of people in different areas oClusteringoIn US high levels of homogeneityoThese places were places in which cultural groups were bornAfrican America Los AngelesMexican American Los AngelesoFacing similar barriers as African AmericansGreater numbers=more institutions developURBAN RENEWAL IN THE POSTWAR PERIODUrban Renewal and Growth: Making ‘Good’ Business EnvironmentsoFederal Urban Renewal ProgramProvided federal funds for acquiring sites and creating new housing in these placesFocused on areas that were blighted/ low incomeBlighted areas had high concentrations of latinosResulted in major redeveloping projectsEx-Los Angeles=The “Chicano Removal Agency”: Bunker Hill and Chavez RavineThe elite had many property investments in these areas—redeveloping these areas brought the middle class in these areasLOS ANGELESoWhy was LA a puzzle?Discovery: City without a CenterIt was seen as a strange place10
People from UCLA, etc. began to study LA and view it as a paradigm—LA was becoming what new cities started to look likeWeaving Theoretical Traditions

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Term
Winter
Professor
Walter J. Nicholls
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