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Ans a b c e barriers to the ebp movement have been

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ANS: A, B, C, EBarriers to the EBP movement have been both practical andconceptual. One of the most serious barriers is the lack ofresearch evidence available regarding the effectiveness of manynursing interventions. Between 2000 and 2006, publishedresearch in major journals was only 7% experimental and 6%quasi-experimental; interventional studies are required for EBP.The systematic reviews and meta-analyses conducted in nursinghave been limited. Another concern of the EBP movement is thatthe development of evidence-based guidelines has led to acookbook approach to health care. Health professionals areexpected to follow these guidelines in their practice as developed.However, the definition of EBP describes it as the conscientiousintegration of best research evidence with clinical expertise andpatient values and needs.DIF: Cognitive Level: Evaluation REF: MCS: 4716.A systematic review should address the componentsspecified in PICOS. Why is thisso? (Select all thatapply.)a. Interventional research always uses some means ofcomparison.b. Interventions that are actually naturally occurringconditions should be noted, since they decreaseconfirmatory power of the collectiveevidence.
c.Study design is essential, since recommendations forchange in practice canbe based only onsomedesigns.d. Desired outcomes, not actual outcomes of the study, are thefocus of thereview.e. The specific population from which a sample wasdrawn, and its similarityto those of others studiesreviewed, affectsgeneralizability.ANS: A, B, C, E
A systematic review is a structured, comprehensive synthesis ofthe research literature to determine the best research evidenceavailable to address a health care question. A systematic reviewinvolves identifying, locating, appraising, and synthesizing qualityresearch evidence for expert clinicians to use to promote an EBP.Systematic reviews are often conducted by two or moreresearchers and/or clinicians in a selected area of interest todetermine the best research knowledge in that area. Systematicreviews need to be conducted with rigorous research methodologyto promote the accuracy of the findings and minimize thereviewers bias. A systemic review or meta-analysis is best directedby a relevant clinical question that focuses the review process andpromotes the development of a quality synthesis of researchevidence. Oneof the most common formats used to organize asystematic review is the PICO or PICOS format described in theCochran Handbook.PICOS are (1) population (or sample), (2)intervention, (3) comparison group or condition, (4) outcomes, and(5) study design. Naturally occurring interventions indicate a non-interventional design; the researcher enacts the researchintervention.Chapter 20. Collecting and Managing DataMULTIPLE CHOICE1.Planning as a step in the quantitative research processends when the data collection has begun. Which is the truestatement about planning in the qualitative researchprocess?

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Term
Fall
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
Nursing, Qualitative Research, researcher

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