controlled begins to become automatic if its done over and over again if the

Controlled begins to become automatic if its done

This preview shows page 21 - 27 out of 60 pages.

-controlled begins to become automatic if it's done over and over again -if the process is automatic, it has 3 characteristics *it's unintentional...doing it without meaning to *the process is unconscious.. not aware *it doesn't interfere with other process so you can multitask -controlled process *it's intentional... *it's conscious *it disrupt other things and you can't multitask -Schneider:
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-Shiffrin: -Consistent mapping: you ignore the stimulus as you use start getting use to them *stimulus can't be a target if it's a distraction for another one -Varied mapping: read about it -Feature Integration theory: *Preattentive Stage: *Attentive Stage: *These two gets pulled in together... hence the name integration -Illusory conjunctions *putting things together how we think they should go but they actually don't *it can be circuited by top down -Attentional capture *focuses on something bottoms up *2 things grab our attention -contrast in color -motion Divided Attention: -Dual Task performance:
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*First was said we could only do one thing at a time.. we just switched tasks back and forth quickly *2nd explanation was that we can switch because one task become automatic -unintentional: doesn’t hold up -unconscious: doesn't hold up -doesn't disrupt: kind of holds up *3rd: we take all the tasks and combine them into one single task The attention hypothesis of automatization -karate kid: kid gets better without knowing it *wax on wax off *hanging jacket -truth is it becomes automatic if you continue working one it Cell phone usage while driving -video will be on bb *****End of material for Test 1*****
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****Test #2 will be taken when we get back from SB**** Sperling Interference: Chapter 4: Selective Attention -info from outside world... only a few get to us consciously -3 classes of selection models *Early selection bottom up *Late selection model top down *NO NAME-- we don't filter anything .... everything gets through -Bottleneck Theory *we filter info a little at a time because we can only do some much a time *we figure out which is more important to process -Broadbent's filter *bottom up *only deals with physical characteristics of stimuli -The cocktail party affects NO to Broadbent's -Treisman Model Yes to Broadbent’s
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*loudest and brightest gets through *dictionary unit decides what gets through conscious if it passes the threshold -Look at how the Dictionary works *sets thresholds *lower the importance, higher the threshold *higher the importance, lower the threshold -Spotlight approaches *MJ *video on BB maybe *info is still there but we choose to focus on it or not *Versions of Spotlight Approach -Kahneman's Model: -Schema: -Inattentional Blindness: -Neural underpinnings of attention Frontal lobe: directs our attention -Networks of visual attention:
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*have different parts of the brain doing different parts *small networks working individual pieces ERP (Event related potentials and selective attention) *how far we get spike after stimulus *stimulus on right side goes to the left side of brain *pay attention to lines and spikes *Blue lines (intended) *Red lines -Automaticity
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