Research report - National Child Labour Action Programme for South Africa (1).doc

129 children working on the streets are also exposed

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(129) Children working on the streets are also exposed to much higher levels of risk, ranging from violence against them, traffic accidents, exposure to drugs etc. Street children should therefore be prioritised for action. Lead institution: DrSD. Secondary institution: DL. New Policy? Elaboration of existing policy. Once off cost: moderate. Recurrent cost: moderate. Time line: within wo years of adoption of policy. 11. Department of Minerals & Energy (DME) Policy measures requiring the attention of the above institution, as provided for in the CLAP, are collated below. Cross-refer to the number of the action step in the main text for a discussion of the background. (29) Training, manuals and guidelines on the IDP process should encourage the prioritised provision of basic water and energy services to households facing the biggest difficulties. These documents could also highlight the problems faced by households furthest away from such resources and time taken by household members (including children) in fetching them. Lead institution: DPLG. Secondary institutions: LG (implementation); DWAF* (basic water services); DME (basic energy services). New policy? Elaboration of existing policy. Once off cost: moderate. Recurrent cost: minimal. Time line: within two years of adoption of policy. ILO funding: to cover once-off costs. (60) DPLG and sector departments, which already help local governments with insufficient capacity to draft IDPs, should assist them in the prioritisation of basic infrastructure services for areas where the most dire need is felt. Lead institution: DPLG. Secondary institutions: LG (implementation); DWAF* (basic water services); DME (basic energy services) New policy? Elaboration of existing policy. Once off cost: nil. Recurrent cost: minimal. Time line: within one year of adoption of policy. (61) DPLG should run a pilot project to see how local authorities could identify and take account of long distances travelled to sources of water or fuel when planning and implementing the provision of basic services. Lead institution: DPLG. Secondary institutions: LG (implementation); DWAF* (basic water services); DME (basic energy services). New policy? Elaboration of existing policy. Once off cost: moderate. Recurrent cost: depends on recommendations from pilot and whether proposed policy is adopted. Time line: within one year of adoption of policy. ILO funding: to cover once off costs.
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(64) Government should widen access to the alternative commercial fuels by expanding the provision of energy through the concept of integrated energy centres or energy shops. If they are located close to households in remote areas, these shops could sell paraffin, gas, wood, solar cooking equipment, or other sources of energy. People are likely to choose the form of energy most suitable to them, in many cases relieving the pressure on children to fetch fuel from far away. Lead institution: DME. Secondary institution: LG. New policy? Elaboration of existing policy. Once off cost: moderate. Recurrent cost: moderate. Time line: within 3 years of adoption of policy.’ 12.
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