Avoid the use of tobacco alcohol and other drugs

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Avoid the use of tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs. Avoid sharing eating utensils, makeup, combs and brushes, and other personal items. Prepare and store food safely—keep hot foods hot and cold foods refrigerated or on ice. Avoid unnecessary contact with people who are ill. Take care of yourself when you’re ill. Cover your mouth when you cough or sneeze. Wash your hands after using a tissue. Be sure you are vaccinated against particular diseases as recommended by your physician. Practice abstinence from sexual activity. Learn to manage stress. Stress makes you vulnerable to illness if you do not find ways to manage it effectively. 626 Chapter 24 Communicable Diseases Applying Health Skills Practicing Healthful Behaviors. Work with a family member to identify ways in which you can reduce your risk of contracting a foodborne illness at home. Develop and analyze strategies related to the prevention of food poisoning. Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary 1. List five types of common pathogens, and identify one disease each type of pathogen causes. 2. Describe three ways in which pathogens spread and three healthful behaviors to limit their spread. 3. What are five ways you can reduce your risk of getting a communicable disease? Thinking Critically 4. Applying. The fungus that causes athlete’s foot lives in warm, moist places. What can you do to prevent getting this pathogen when you use gym or other common showers? 5. Analyzing. You wake up one morning with a headache, body aches, and a fever. You think you might be coming down with something. Analyze the relationship between healthful behaviors you can practice and the ways that communicable diseases are spread. What should you do? P R E S E N T A T I O N S O F T W A R E You’ve probably heard the saying “a picture is worth a thousand words.” Use presentation software to show your plan for reducing the spread of foodborne illness. For tips on using presentation software, see health.glencoe.com. Handwashing is important since your hands easily pick up and transfer bacteria. List other strategies you can use to avoid the spread of disease. health.glencoe.com HS_HEALTH_U08_C24_L1 12/8/03 5:27 PM Page 626
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VOCABULARY immune system inflammatory response phagocyte antigen immunity lymphocyte antibody vaccine Preventing Communicable Diseases YOU’LL LEARN TO Examine how the body protects itself against invading pathogens. Apply strategies for caring for your immune system and preventing disease. Explain how technology has impacted the health status of individuals, families, communities, and the world in the prevention of communicable disease. Identify available health-related services in the community that provide vaccines and information related to disease prevention.
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