Losing Nelson F: Look for the Theatre of the Absurd and the “Nouveau Roman” Jean Anouilh (1910-1987) Beckett (1959) Antigone Simone de Beauvoir (1908-1986) The Second Sex (1949) Les Mandarins (1954) Jacques Derrida (1930- ) Of Grammatology (1967) Writing and Difference (1967 Dissemination (1972) Michel Foucault (1926-1984) Madness and Civilization (1961) The Order of Things (1966) The History of Sexuality (1976-84) Jean Genet (1910-1986) Our Lady of the Flowers (1944) The Maids (1947) The Screens (1961) Eugene Ionescu (1912-94) Bald Soprano (1950) Rhinoceros (1960) The Chairs (1952) Alain Robbe-Grillet (1922- ) The Erasers (1953) The Voyeur (1955) Jealousy (1959) Towards the New Novel (1963) Last Year at Marienbad (1961) Natalie Sarraute (1902-) Tropisms , The Golden Fruits , Portrait of a Man Unknown Jean Paul Sartre (1905-1980) G: Heinrich Boll (1917-1985) Acquainted With The Night , The Unguarded House , The Bread of Our Early Years Gunter Grass (1927- ) The Tin Drum (1959) Cat and Mouse (1961) Dog Years (1963) Local Anesthetic (1969) The Flounder (1992) I: Primo Levi (1919-1987) Periodic Table , If This is a Man , The Truce R: Boris Pasternak (1890-1960) Doctor Zhivago (1957) Alexander Solzhenitsin (1918- ) One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich (1962) Cancer Ward (1968) The First Circle (1968) Gulag Archipelago (1973-8) S: Pablo Neruda Ortega y Gassett Other: Kazantzakis (1883-1957) Zorba the Greek
357 AN ARRAY OF SOCIALISTS Karl Marx (1818-1883) German political philosopher. Founder of "scientific socialism." He wrote the Communist Manifesto in 1848. Collaborated with Friedrich Engels on his major work, Das Kapital . Father of Communism. Frederick Engels (1820-1895) German socialist. He was involved in revolutionary agitation in Baden that forced him to flee to England where he met Marx. He earned his living as a manufacturer in Manchester, one of the most icky, large and prosperous cities of the Industrial Revolution all at once. Robert Owen (1771-1858) British "Utopian Socialist". Pioneer in cooperation in industry. With William Allen (a Quaker philanthropist) and Jeremy "greatest good for the greatest number" Bentham as partners he initiated a program to improve conditions in factories. Founded New Harmony, Indiana. Wrote A New View of Society (1813). He spent his considerable fortune on efforts to improve society, utopian societies and spiritual endeavors. Louis Blanc (1811-1882) French socialist leader, regarded as the founder of state socialism. He was the enemy of Louis Philippe's government and a member of the provisional government that replaced him in 1848. He proposed the "social workshops" or state-supported factories to fight unemployment and also exploitation of the workers. Count de Saint-Simon (1760-1825) supported the American War of Independence and accepted the French Revolution. He favored a planned society including public ownership of industrial equipment, reliance on "social engineers" and governmental coordination of labors and resources. His followers called themselves, oddly enough, Saint-Simonians. Some people called Louis Napoleon Bonaparte “The Socialist Emperor” because of his alleged attachment to these ideas.
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