3 all men and women should have equal rights division

This preview shows page 47 - 49 out of 72 pages.

3) all men and women should have equal rights division of Korea o Soviet Union declare war against Japan on August 8, per agreement at Yalta Conference in Feb 1945 o Soviet forces in NK: began from August 14 o General Order 1: approved by Truman Aug 17, 1945—US forces would receive the surrender of Japanese forces in Korea south of the 38 th parallel; Soviet Union north of the 38 th parallel o Formal signing of the Japanese surrender: September 2, 1945 o US forces in SK: September 8 o StatePWarPNavy Coordinating Committee (SWNCC), on Auust 10P 11 1945 o “About midnight, aug 10P11, Colonel Charles H. Bonesteel and Major Dean Rusk..began drafting part of General Order that would define the zones to be occupied in Korea by Amercian and Russian forces. They were given thirty minutes to complete their draft, which a statePwarPnavy coordinating committee was waiting for. The state department wished the dividng line to be as far north as
possible, while the military departments, knowing tha the Russian could overrun all of KoreaPPP o the only map immediately available was a smallPscale wall map of the Far East, an time was pressing. Bonesteel noted that the 38 th Parallel passed north of Seoul and almost divided Korea into two equal parts. He seized on it as the proposed zonal boundary. o Divison chosen without any consideration of political, social, economic determinants o Economic hardship o Cessation of normal tradePPP severe food shortage o Starting from April 18, 1947, MG (military government) announces that anyone crossing over the South Korea will be arrested. o A letter from the Citizens’ Committee on Electricity to the US military governor dean, Choson Ilbo, uly 22, 1948: “South Korea’s increasing scoail problems are getting worse by the lack of electricity…it is a right and duty as a citizen under your rule that we seek to hear what… You have stated that you’ve not met with us because we support the northern Korean policy and are critical of the USMG. As you have suggested yourself, the problem of electricity cannot be soved by southern Korea alone. Only negotiation with northern Korea will solve the problem. If anyone thinks this way is a communist and a supporter of northern Korea, then… Soviet occupation o Russians not as heavy handed in north o Allowed peoplee’s committees to have some autonomy o Land reforms took land away from rich landowners, Japanese o Nationalized major industries o Labor reforms o Supposed gender equality o Total system of control and surveillance US Army Military Government in Korea (USAMGIK) o September 8, 1945 PPP Aug 15, 1948 o Us forces standard operating procedure for civil affairs states: ! “neither local political personalities nor organized political groups, however sound in sentiment, should have any part in determining the policies of MG. Civil affairs officers should avoid any commitments to, or negotiating with, any local political elements except by directions from higher authority” o No existing coalition among the parties was recognized o

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture