Structure honor competitionclass workers will

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Structure honor competition—class, workers will outcompete each other (one worker made up data and lost face for this) o Defensive honor competition—marriage (if a women argues or speaks up to husband, then the husband loses face) o Offensive honor competition—politics (prince threw Rainsy out because he was gaining popularity over prince, popularity of Rainsy caused Prince to lose face, therefore he threw him out of politics o Is a shield, it’s internalized and accepted, not just being polite because of role playing, its internalized and accepted i.e. women believed in hasham (one as more than a mask, they internalized it relates to cultural relativism—things that are misunderstood by outsiders, may hold significant honor and respect within their culture Cultural Capital in In Search of Respect Cultural Capital o social assets or advantages o Subcultures often create distance from central culture Capital can take different forms in different cultures Objectified—cultural goods Institutionalized—symbolic structures Impoverished or oppressed often internalize their marginalization and see themselves as these things Often difficult for minorities to gain cultural capital disadvantage In Search of Respect—Bourgois o The drug dealers are actually agents of their own oppression because they are forced to act within the structure o Ex: advantage of speaking English, disadvantage of not One of the character’s mom’s is made fun of in school for not knowing english Foucault French philosopher—Post Structuralist Structures weren’t rigid (changed throughout time) and that everything changed throughout history Power dynamics Rise of capitalism bodies are divided up into parts Decisions motivated by power Imposed order that everyone conforms to, often without knowing it
Power is everywhere, controls everything Focuses on how knowledge is produced Knowledge has a role in power Forces us to internalize discipline and controls the way people behave Halperin’s work is specifically guided by Foucault—100 years of homosexuality Idea of penaptacon o Example of power idea—because power is so overwhelming, its constantly influencing the way we behave Talks about psychiatrists’ ability to persuade us about the classifications in the world and the way we order it Power: hegemony vs. ideology o Ideologies are understandable, identifiable, tangible o Hegemonies are a way in which power enters into culture without us even being aware of it—looks at relationships that have created and reinforced ideas of power Connect to power dynamics of social structures in In Search of Respect Discipline and punish Power is wielded through capillaries (exists everywhere) Power is not always recognizable or visible, not always consciously wielded and repressive—people don’t know they’re subjects of power Power can be present in underlying things What roles do organizations (government) play in imposing power Structural Agency Is human action the determined or the determining Structures shape practices, but practices also shape structures o Each enables the other

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