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Sigelman_Chapter13 (1).ppt

Religious values and beliefs guide the moral thinking

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Religious values and beliefs guide the moral thinking and behavior of many people Religiosity or religiousness has generally been defined as sharing the beliefs and participating in the practices of an organized religion Spirituality involves a quest for ultimate meaning and for a connection with something greater than oneself Spirituality may be carried out within the context of a religion (some people are both religious and spiritual) or outside it (some people say they are spiritual but not religious)
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The Adult – Religion and Spirituality In a longitudinal study, researchers Dillon and Wink sought to understand changes over the years in religiosity and spirituality Religiosity was strong in adolescence, decreased somewhat in middle age, and rose again in people’s late 60s and 70s closer to its earlier levels Spirituality was judged to be at lower levels than religiosity throughout adulthood and changed more dramatically with age, increasing significantly from middle age to later adulthood, especially among women
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The Adult – Religion and Spirituality Wink and Dillon (2003) found that individuals are highly consistent over the years in their degrees of religiosity and spirituality, probably because of their personalities Religiosity and spirituality contribute positively to psychosocial adjustment but in different ways
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The Adult – Religion and Spirituality Religiosity contributes positively to psychosocial adjustment Religiosity in late adulthood is correlated with a sense of well-being stemming from positive relationships with other people, involvement in social and community service activities, and the sympathetic and caring qualities associated with Erikson's concept of generativity Highly religious adults are very involved in their religious communities and act on their religious beliefs by serving others Other research suggests that religious involvement is linked to good health, good mental health, and prosocial behavior
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The Adult – Religion and Spirituality Spirituality contributes positively to psychosocial adjustment Highly spiritual older adults have a sense of well- being derived from personal growth Spiritual adults are highly involved in activities that allow them to express their creativity and build their knowledge and skills Spiritual adults display qualities associated with wisdom such as introspectiveness and insightfulness
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  • Fall '17
  • MarciaGuilliams
  • Lawrence Kohlberg, Kohlberg's stages of moral development

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