2345 the logical form of an argument in a natural

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[2][3][4][5] The logical form of an argument in a natural language can be represented in a symbolic formal language, and independently of natural language formally defined "arguments" can be made in math and computer science. 28. Del Kiernan-Lewis says, “Philosophy is everywhere.” How so? . Philosophy everywhere arises and exists for quite a long time in the form of pre-philosophy, still closely related to mythology and religion. Philosophy develops as the formation of human self-consciousness. In this sense, "every system of philosophy must have existed and still continues to exist: none of them, therefore, has disappeared, and all of them are preserved in philosophy as moments of a single whole ... modern philosophy is the result of all preceding principles; thus , no system of philosophy has been refuted. 29. What are subjectivism and conventionalism, and why does Del Kiernan-Lewis think that they are self-refuting? CONVENTIONALISM is a direction in the philosophy of science, emphasizing that the scientific theories are based on the explicit or implicit agreement of scientists regarding concepts, definitions, axioms, hypotheses, etc. The choice of agreements is dictated by considerations of convenience, expediency, "saving thinking", etc. Z.A. is considered the founder of K. Poincaré, who defended it as applied to mathematics and mathematical physics. SUBJECTIVISM is a world outlook that ignores an objective approach to reality, denies objective laws of nature and society. 30. Why does Socrates reject Euthyphro’s definition of ‘piety’ as ‘what is loved by all the gods’? 31. How does Socrates argue that death is probably a blessing?
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The antique thinker radically rethinks death. It is not regarded as the elimination of life. On the contrary, it is treated as a boon. However, Socrates rejects the idea of immortality, which was characteristic of animism. “But you, O men of justice,”
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