states of consciousness.pptx

Idea of what is needed to solve problem no specific

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idea of what is needed to solve problem, no specific detail) Phase two – work on a functional solution with enough detail to guide further action to solve the problem Steps in Problem Solving 1) Identify the problem and define it (definition affects the solution) 2) Explore various strategies (trial and error; heuristic strategies / understanding approach using likeliest solution first; analogical approach 3) Explore possible solutions – consider each one; take action to test it 4) Evaluate and learn from solution – may give rise to further problems; assess solution to see if it has solved the problem
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Restricted Thinking Get stuck in your thinking. Can’t find solutions or see alternatives Mental set or fixation - evaluating problem situation in set way and stick to that evaluation Emotional barriers – emotions get in the way of thinking clearly E.g. being afraid of crowded places Learned barriers – you think that there is only one way to do things as this is what we have learned E.g. I have to complete tasks perfectly Perceptual barriers – only see one aspect of problem and ignore others E.g. I have trouble sleeping because of my noisy neighbours Cultural barriers – cultural E.g. I have to find a solution that will not upset anybody in my family Insight – solution appears suddenly and you can’t believe you hadn’t seen it; happens when elements reorganised, relevant elements selected, irrelevant elements ignored and comparing old information about problems that were solved
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