Lecture 1 - Counseling-Definition, History and Its Iportance.ppt

Psychotherapy difference by features counseling a

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PSYCHOTHERAPY Difference By Features
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Counseling .... A Profession Focus helping people making changes . Helping people deal with personal problems , social , vocational , career , education etc . Conducted upon normal human beings Based on theory and structured . Teach / help clients making decisions..
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Psychotherapy .... Requires a period of time longer than counseling Issues that are managed are more severe and serious Therapy plays a major role to guide clients
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HISTORY
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COUNSELLING SERVICES IN THE WORLD
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Counseling developed in the late 1890’s and early 1900’s . Prior to 1900, advisory services and information delivery.
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Counseling emerged during the turmoil of the Industrial Revolution that led to the transition of the new century Many of the pioneers of the field of counseling identified themselves as teachers or social reformists
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Focus on teaching children and teenagers about themselves, the environment and employment world. Focusing on handling intra-interpersonal relationships .
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DEVELOPMENT (1900 - 1909)
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The three main personalities: Frank Parson, Jesse B. Davis and Clifford Beers .
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1 ) Frank Parson Leading the Bureau of Vocational in Bostan (Vocational Boston Bureau ) Providing vocational needs of students who are seeking employment Train teachers to serve as a vocational counselor Writing the book " Choosing a Vocation " -describing the role of counselor and techniques in the process of vocational counseling .
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2 ) Jesse B. Davis The first to form of systematic guidance programs for public schools Suggest English teacher teaches guidance lessons in the classroom once a week.
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3 ) Clifford Beers Had been put into a mental hospital and was treated badly . Writing the book " A Mind that He Found Himself" A platform for the restoration treatment of mentally ill patients Pioneer to mental health counseling
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DEVELOPMENT (1910 - 1919)
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Three important things that have a big impact on the world of counseling : 1 ) 1913 - Establishment of National Vocational Guidance Association ( VGA ) Being the pioneer of the American Counseling Association ( ACA )
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2 ) The issuance of " National Vocational Guidance Bulletin . " 3 ) The First World War - counseling developed tremendously when psychometric test , a psychological test Army Alpha and Army Beta had been used in the selection of the military personnel.
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DEVELOPMENT (1920 - 1930)
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1920- Education for counselors began to be given at Harvard University by emphasizing on vocational counseling The mid-1920’s - Certification to counselors in Boston
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1929- Establishment of Family and Marriage Counseling Center in New York by Abraham and Hannah Stone . Guidance Services begin to get a place in the hearts of the American public and vocational services declines.
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DEVELOPMENT (1930’s)
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