Additionally depression is also frequent in the

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Additionally, depression is also frequent in the Parkinson’s patients most commonly the neuropsychiatric disorder that affects up to half of all patients (Pringsheim et al. 2014). Treatment (and prevention) and the Possible Outcomes There is no known cure for the Parkinson’s disease (Hirsch et al. 2016). However, all the treatments administered for the disease are aimed at reducing the symptoms because every treatment plan is individualized. Therefore, treatment therapy is recommended as soon as the symptoms are exhibited and start to interfere with the patient’s daily life. The treatment can vary from surgery to medication and lifestyle adjustment. Most drugs are used to increase the dopamine levels particularly in the brain and mimic the actions of the dopamine. However, dopamine administration cannot be direct because it cannot pass through the blood-brain barrier that insulates the brain from the rest of the body. Conversely, the use of levodopa is helpful because it can get into the brain, and there it is converted into dopamine to improve the patient’s movements (Arora et al. 2015). Concerning the Parkinson's disease, the levodopa treatment has been thought to become less effective after the use of about two years or more, and there has been raising concerns about the patients that take levodopa developing alternating incidences of uncontrolled movements and disabling stiffness (Dyskinesia). Recent studies have shown that some of these concerns were unfounded and early treatment is crucial to helping the patients with better mental and physical functioning (Chen et al. 2017), levodopa is mainly administered with other drugs such as carbidopa, entacapone, and benserazide which allow smaller doses of levodopa to deliver maximum benefits. According to Arora et al. (2015), other types of medication that can be used to control Parkinson’s disease include ropinirole and pramipexole which are classified as dopamine agonists. These medications are applied directly rather than replacing dopamine to stimulate areas that usually respond positively to dopamine. However, there are other procedures used to treat patients who do not respond to medication or those that have disabling dyskinesias such as surgical options, and the stem therapy (Arora et al. 2015). Some involve deep brain stimulation by sending an electrical current through a wire to areas in the brain that are responsible for the movement of the body parts. These procedures help to block the abnormal signals that are produced due to the Parkinson’s disease. Berg et al. (2015), notes that regular exercise and physical therapy is recommended because it can help to reduce the loss of motor control. Consequently, eating a balanced diet and keeping active is essential in controlling and containing the Parkinson’s disease. Patients of the Parkinson’s disease should ensure that they eat foods that contain high fibre and drink plenty of fluids because the condition is known to cause constipation.

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