100%(9)9 out of 9 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 5 - 6 out of 9 pages.
Additionally, depression is also frequent in the Parkinson’s patients most commonly theneuropsychiatric disorder that affects up to half of all patients (Pringsheim et al. 2014).Treatment (and prevention) and the Possible OutcomesThere is no known cure for the Parkinson’s disease (Hirsch et al. 2016). However, all thetreatments administered for the disease are aimed at reducing the symptoms because everytreatment plan is individualized. Therefore, treatment therapy is recommended as soon as thesymptoms are exhibited and start to interfere with the patient’s daily life. The treatment can varyfrom surgery to medication and lifestyle adjustment. Most drugs are used to increase thedopamine levels particularly in the brain and mimic the actions of the dopamine. However,dopamine administration cannot be direct because it cannot pass through the blood-brain barrierthat insulates the brain from the rest of the body. Conversely, the use of levodopa is helpfulbecause it can get into the brain, and there it is converted into dopamine to improve the patient’smovements (Arora et al. 2015).Concerning the Parkinson's disease, the levodopa treatment has been thought to become lesseffective after the use of about two years or more, and there has been raising concerns about thepatients that take levodopa developing alternating incidences of uncontrolled movements anddisabling stiffness (Dyskinesia). Recent studies have shown that some of these concerns wereunfounded and early treatment is crucial to helping the patients with better mental and physicalfunctioning (Chen et al. 2017), levodopa is mainly administered with other drugs such ascarbidopa, entacapone, and benserazide which allow smaller doses of levodopa to delivermaximum benefits.According to Arora et al. (2015), other types of medication that can be used to controlParkinson’s disease include ropinirole and pramipexole which are classified as dopamineagonists. These medications are applied directly rather than replacing dopamine to stimulateareas that usually respond positively to dopamine. However, there are other procedures used totreat patients who do not respond to medication or those that have disabling dyskinesias such assurgical options, and the stem therapy (Arora et al. 2015). Some involve deep brain stimulationby sending an electrical current through a wire to areas in the brain that are responsible for themovement of the body parts. These procedures help to block the abnormal signals that areproduced due to the Parkinson’s disease.Berg et al. (2015), notes that regular exercise and physical therapy is recommended because itcan help to reduce the loss of motor control. Consequently, eating a balanced diet and keepingactive is essential in controlling and containing the Parkinson’s disease. Patients of theParkinson’s disease should ensure that they eat foods that contain high fibre and drink plenty offluids because the condition is known to cause constipation.