IR Chapter 10 - Key Terms.pdf

Greenhouse gases carbon dioxide and other gases that

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Greenhouse Gases - Carbon dioxide and other gases that, when concentrated in the atmosphere, act like the glass in a greenhouse, holding energy and leading to global warming. Kyoto Protocol - (1997) The main international treaty on global warming, which entered into effect in 2005 and mandates cuts in carbon emission in 2008-2012. Almost all the world major countries, except the US, are participating. Ozone Layer The part of the atmosphere that screens out harmful ultraviolet rays from the sun. Certain chemicals used in industrial economics break the ozone layer down. Montreal Protocol - An agreement on protection of the ozone layer in which states pledged to reduce and then eliminate use of chlorofluorocarbons(CFCs). It is the most successful environment treaty to date. Biodiversity - The tremendous diversity of plant and animal species making up the earth’s ecosystem International Whaling Commission An intergovernmental organization (IGO) that set quotas for hunting certain whale species; state’s participation is volunteering High seas - The portion of the oceans considered common territory, not under any kind of exclusive state jurisdiction UN Convention on The Law of The Sea(UNCLOS) - A structure established in 1964 to promote third world development through various trade proposals. Acid Rain - Rain caused by air pollution Chernobyl - A city in Ukraine that was the site of a 1986 meltdown at Soviet nuclear power plant Demographic Transition The pattern of falling death rates, followed by falling birth rates, that generally accompanies industrialization and economic development Pronatalist - A government policy that encourage or force childbearing, and outlaws ot limits access to contraception. Infant Mortality Rate - The proportion of babies who die within their first year of life
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Chapter 12 - Keyword Less-developed countries (LDCs) - The World’s poorest region-the global south-where most people lives;also called underdeveloped countries or developing countries Developing Countries - States in the global south, the poorest region of the world-also called third world countries, less-development countries, and undeveloped countries Millenium Development Goal
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