By the end of 1941 almost all Jews in General government central region were in

By the end of 1941 almost all jews in general

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By the end of 1941, almost all Jews in General government (central region) were in ghettos · Warsaw Ghetto · In the sum of 1940s, Germans began building walls around intersections of certain streets · November 17, 1940 (?): Caplan whose diary kept description
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o Observed early on: we have entered into a new life and it is impossible to imagine the panic that has arisen…suddenly we see ourselves penned in on both sides. We are separated and segregated from the rest of the world…driven out of society of the human race.” · Massive population movement- Jews moved out of their homes and non-Jews moved out of their homes and region out of the places that are being established as Jewish ghettos · Jews move into empty apartments and other poles are moved into Jewish apartments · In Warsaw, 30% of population was Jewish and that population is now forced into a section of the city that that occupied 2.4% of the city Jews were stuck into very small region (1.3 square miles) forced to share rooms (7.2 people per apartment) · One writer describes the crampedness of ghettos by saying: it took him ¾ of an hour to traverse the cage that was designed for half a million people · Warsaw ghetto had 380,000 residents in the beginning (early 1940) and that number went up and down depending on how many Jews were entering and dying · Annual death rate around 5,500 10% of ghetto population dying · Some of the early decisions Jews had to make as information was coming to them with very little warning was: what do we do with our businesses/assets? Will we be able to continue running our business? Should we entrust our stores to a gentile partner or colleague? · By the Fall it was decreed that only those who had special permits could come and go and the rest would have to stay within ghetto walls- almost all Jews lost their forms of livelihood and could not pursue their occupation · Even before Nazis invaded, there were a group of Jews who were worried about Nazi invasion and converted to Catholicism to try and escape net of Nazis but in Warsaw ghetto there were 2,000 Catholic converts · Most important difference in the ghetto was if you were working for the Ghetto administration (Judenrat) or were you outside of that? · Judenrat (Jewish Council) o Sought to ease the situation of fellow Jews but also responsible for carrying out orders of the authorities o Transferred Jews from homes o Dispensed permitted rations. Sometimes Judenrat tried to alleviate starvation by procuring food illegally o Provided workers for forced labor o By 1941, Nazis demanded Judenrat hand over names of Jews for deportation o For all these reasons, there was often exteeme hostility toward Jewsish council · Some historians argue that the ghettos were designed to murder the Jews and that it was the beginning of systematic destruction · The Nazis disagree about that Governor Frank said: the fact that we are sentencing 1.2 million Jews to death by hunger, there is no need to elaborate on it even if it is not the final aim, it is geared toward
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