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Was interested in the issue of social order and it was his view that the action systems helped provide order for the society They provide order for society because these 4 action systems all have functions, and the functions performed help to maintain society as it is He made some allowance for social change Ex the environmental organism "adjust" and "transforms" which points to social change Ordered and Static society = a society that doesn’t really change but, that is more orientated towards social order 1.The hierarchy of action systems The cultural system was at the top of the hierarchy, next was the social system, then next was the personality system, and then at the bottom was the behavioural organism Parson's identified himself as a cultural determinist, so he thought that culture determined society Culture shapes society as well as individuals in society In relation to this he also established a basic principle that the higher action systems control those that are lower in the hierarchy Specifics of the action systems 1.The social systemThe idea of a social system applies to various types of collectivisesEx. A university, a company, and the church To Parson's the most important social system is a society Parson's identified 4 structures (sub systems) in society, and also identified the functions that they perform for society The economic structure: performs the function of adaptation by responding to the environment through labour production and allocations of resources The political structure: performs the function of goal attainment by perusing societal objectives and mobilizing relevant resources The fiduciary (refers to trust) structure: performs the function of latency,by transmitting the norms and values of culture through the family, schools ext. The societal structure: performs the function of integration, by coordinating the various components of society 1.The cultural systemThe cultural system is made up of knowledge symbols and ideas The cultural system being at the top of the hierarchy, it has an impact on the otheraction systems and then becomes a component of the other action systems In the social system culture is reflected in norms and values In the personality system culture, is internalized by an individual Parsons proposes that culture can move from one social system to another social system, through diffusionCulture involves norms and values, and norms and values that are associated with one social system could movie into, or become apart of another system through diffusion Norms and values in the USA can move into the social system inCanada Diffusion can involve widespread access to Americans mass media Culture can move from one personality system to another personality system through socialization