Muhammad Mossadeq served both as a talented and gifted and well established Politian and Iranian Prime Minister would lead an attempt by coalition forces within Iran to assert Iranian popular sovereignty and resist the autocracy of the shah. Posed for the masses, but from an aristocratic background, also from a European education. On his return from his education, took part in the constitutional revolution. At that time, he would gain a reputation for integrity and strong supporter of pro-parliamentary
democracy. He starts to agitate against the role the foreign powers have played in the country (Russian and British) and against the Shah. Lead the Nation Front which was composed of diverse groups of people that sought to assert popular rule of Iran. ADVOCATES OF REFORM o Labour Movement o New Middle Class o Constitutional Liberals o Tudeh Party (Marxist) est. 1941. Tudeh means the masses. The Shah relied on an inner circle of favorites and the military. A liberal use of financial resources at his disposal to buy off opposition or to curry favor with supporters. A contest of power between the Shah, the palace inner circle, the military against the government lead by Mossedeq and the popular forces that support Mossadeq’s program. IRANIAN CHRONOLOGY (1) o 1951 – PM Muhammad Mossadeq attempts to nationalize Anglo-Iranian Oil Co. There was a discovery of oil in the middle east in the 20’s and 30’s and it’s proven resources and a significant economic resource. It was basically run by foreigners up until this time later known as PP. The majority stock was held by the British government. Since that time, Iranian nationalists have been seeking to revisit the oil concession. This was also aimed at the Shah himself (Mossadeq’s program). The response was to call for a boycott on Iranian oil, backed by the British government which brought economic sanctions.
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- Fall '19
- Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Reza Shah, Pahlavi dynasty