Graziano-Raulin-2000-pp364-371-reportAPA- Research methods(1).pdf

Phrales such as u pon on or a study of add little

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phrales such as ,.u ,"pon on,, or ,,a study of'' add little information and should be avoided.A running t "uJir'ptu""d at the top of the title page. It is an abbreviated title with no more than 50 chaiacters and spaces. when the article is printed in a journal, the running head will appearat the top of each page. Note that page numbering begins with the title page 1pug. nu-u"r l) and contin_ ues serially for all the pages except the artwork fi.e.,'nguresl] Abstract. The abstract must summarize the research paper in no more than 960 characters and spaces (about 120 words). It must include ali elements of the research report' Enough information should be given so that anyone who reads the research study after reading the abstract will not be surprised by what they find in the article. Even though the abstract appears first, it is usually r.itt.n last because it essentially summarizes the work. Although the abstract is one of the shortest sections of the paper, it is often the most difricult to write because so much must be said in limited space. The abstract is published by abstracting services such as rsycn-obgiral Abstracts or PsycInJb. Introduction. The introduction states the research problem and discusses prior research. It begins with a broad or general statement of the research problem and pro_ ceeds to narrow the focus to the specific research being reported. A good introduction need not be long but it must be well organized. one shouid focus only on those prior research studies directly relevant to the current research study and should not attempt to review all of the research in a broad area. The introduction usuatt ends with a spe_ cific statement of the research hypotheses to be investigated. A gooi rule of thumb is
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Writing a Research RePort 367 ifthehypothesesseemtofollownaturallyfromeverythingthatprecedesthem,then the introduction is well organized and well structured. If, on the other hand' a reader finds some or all of the hlpotheses to be surprising in light gf. tlut is stated previ- ously, then the introduction is not well focused and fails to provide the rationale for the current research studY. In the introduction, other research is referred to by naming the researcher(s) and the date when the research was published. with this information, the reader can turn to the reference list and find where the work was published. There are two standard formsforref-erringtopublishedwork,asshowninthefollowingexamples: In previous research, most participants found the situation to be realistic (Johnson & Hall' 1999). JohnsonandHall(1999)reportedthatmostparticipantsfoundtheprocedurerealistic. For citing several studies, we can use the following format: Several investigators have found this situation to be realistic fbr their participants (Johnson & Hall, 199'7,199,9ta,1999b; Kelley, 1986; Michaels, Johnson, & Smith' 1996; Smith & Rodick,1994).
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  • Fall '09
  • Statistics, The Table, American Psychological Association

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