Pay attention to physical traits dates cultural

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Pay attention to physical traits, dates, cultural traits, researchers Will start approx. around the time when human line split from other apes   around  6mya Culture includes fire, clothing, tools, etc. Looking at a snapshot in time   not all the answers (conflict areas) Archaeopteryx Link between reptiles (dinosaurs) and birds We don’t have this link in human evolution
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Anthropology 201: Unit 3 03:56 Themes Brain growth compared to ancestors Roughly 3x the size of early ancestors, chimps Bipedalism When did early walking start with regard to bipedalism When did we acquire meat protein diets? Cultural development Ardipithecus Ramidus Discovery   1992-2009 by Tim White Dates   4.4-5.5mya Remains found: Cranium bones (foramen magnum), teeth, arm bones 36 individuals Location: Africa Physical description No foot arches, not knuckle-walkers, teeth show omnivorous diet First upright walker Kenyathropus Platyops Meave Leakey
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Anthropology 201: Unit 3 03:56 Dates   3.5-3.2mya Location: Kenya Mix of advanced and primitive features Importance Flat, human-like face appeared in evolution alongside range of other facial forms Not outcome of progressive, linear evolution Relatively small brain size – similar to chimps Bipedal Australopithecus anemensis Meave Leakey Dates   4mya Teeth and mandible: ape-like Tibia and humerus: human-like  Locations: Kanappi and Allia Bay, Kenya Open woodland environment Might be ancestor to A. afarensis A. afarensis History Tim White in the 1970s
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Anthropology 201: Unit 3 03:56 Dates   3.6-3mya Physical description Short (4ft), bipedal (femur angle and humerus), ground/tree dweller, brain size of 430cc Sites: Hadar – Lucy’s site in Ethiopia Tabarin – lower jaw of a juvenile Laetoli, Tanzania – 3.6mya footprints without knuckles, big toe hardly separated A. africanus History Raymond Dart in South Africa in 1924 Physical description Small (3 or 4ft), light-boned, large teeth, small brain size of 450cc, bipedal Sites Taung – child with endocast of its brain Dates: 3-2mya A. (Paranthropus) robustus History ? Physical description
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Anthropology 201: Unit 3 03:56 Huge teeth, sagittal crest, brain size of 530cc Sites: Swartkrans, South Africa   individual by leopard showing we are still prey at this point Dates: 2-1.5mya A. (Paranthropus) boisei History Louis Leakey (but actually his wife Mary), relative to Meave and Richard   family of  discoverers Physical description Heavy-boned, short, big teeth, sagittal crest, bipedal, gorilla looks, brain size of 510cc Sites: Olduvai Gorge – Grand Canyon of Tanzania, Shangri-La Dates: 2.3-1.2mya A. (Paranthropus) aethiopicus History Richard Leakey discovered the Black Skull or WT17000
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