13 may 1789 april 1814 a25 years napoleon was

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13.May 1789 – April 1814a.25 years, Napoleon was defeated but the ideas still remained.i.It has changed the world.ii.Now the standard of having rights to vote means every adult male has rightiii.France even talking about rights for women to vote.III.Napoleon versus MetternichA.19thCentury1.Much of the 19thcentury especially the first half, is going to be a contest between 2 sets of ideas identified by 2 individuals.2.Napoleon was believed to be the center of the ideas of the Revolution.a.Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity.i.Freedom that comes from having a monarch limited by an assembly.ii.All men are equal in the eyes of the law.iii.Popular sovereignty, people rule, nationalism.The idea that all people that share a language and culture ought to have there own nation.B.Metternich1.They are opposed by the prime minister of the Habsburg lands, Austria, named Klemons von Metternich and was almost exactly Napoleon’s age.a.He resided over the country ruled by the Habsburgs and he was their chief advisorfrom 1809 – 1848.2.He was a noble.3.Said rulers shouldn’t share power with the people.a.He was an aristocrat and noble and believed in the idea of privilege.C.Austria1.Although it was a German kingdom was made up of many minoritiesa.The largest minority were Germans – 40%b.The rest of them were, Czechs, Slovaks, Poles, Ruthenes, Serbs, Croats, Romanians, Transylvanians, Jews, and HungariansD.April 18141.Metternich seems to be doing a good job because he put together an alliance of all thepowers of Europe besides France.2.They are finally able to defeat Napoleon in April of 1814.3.Napoleon was a usurper king because he seized the position and wasn’t elected and they didn’t want him to be an example.4.He was exiled to the little island of Elba and became the Emperor of Elba.5.Napoleon is still a young man and in March of 1815, he and his closest friends slipped off the island of Elba, went back to France and tried to mount a comeback.
6.The Bourbon family had been put back on the throne and they chose one of Napoleon’s generals, Ney, to lead the new royal army.a.Ney was born the son of a poor butcher.b.Rose threw the army through excellence until he reached the rank of marshal.7.They told Ney to go get Napoleon and stop him.8.Napoleon picked up people through rallies and then rallied Ney’s army on his side.E.June 18151.Climatic victory in Belgium fought at Waterloo. Napoleon lost and surrendered to the British and wanted to be brought to Louisiana.2.Instead they took him to the island of St. Helena which is in the middle of the south Atlantic where he was poisoned and died.3.Napoleon might be dead but the ideas live on.F.Metternich tried to diminish the ideas.1.1stAttempt a.Takes place at the first diplomatic meeting in 100 years called the Congress of Vienna.

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