Introduction to International Relations 

Key article of covenant problems collective security

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Key Article of Covenant:
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Problems: Collective Security Unanimity and veto power Key great powers did nit join: U.S, Germany, and Russia The Unites Nations created by the U.N Charter in 1945 (San Francisco) Secretary General- Executive of UN General Assembly- 193 members Security Council- Power center International Court of Justice (settles state-to-state disputes) General Assembly Main deliberative body One state one vote Passes resolutions that are soft law Secretariat The Executive of the UN Carries out the day-to-day operations of the UN Acts a global ambassador for the UN Problems with the UN Do you think the UN is good and necessary or a waste of time? What does the existence of the UN mean for state sovereignty? WHat problems can you see with the UN (particularly given the Powers reading)? UN reform? Make UN's power structure more representative Revise Security Council membership *Relic of WW 11 settlement (p5= China, USA, UK, Russia, France-all with veto) Enhance efficiency/coordination across HR institutions The European Union: History Napoleon, Hitler, and World wars. Three communities: *European Coal and Steel community (1951) *European Economic Community (1957) *European Atomic Energy Community (1957) Original Members: Belgium, France, W.Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands.
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Formal Creation of the EU 1992 Maastricht Treaty *Create an area with internal frontiers *Social cohesion though economic and monetary union (single currency) *Further assertion of Europe's identity on the world Modification of the EU 1997 Amsterdam Treaty: Focused less on comic integration and more on social integration. 2009 Treaty of Lisbon (unites all fundamental rights outlined in EU treated into one document). European Parliament European Parliament- Direct representation elected by citizens of EU (proportional representation) European Council- Made up of representatives of each member state's government (no permanent members) European Commission- Made up of 1 representative from each member state for 5 years term (similar to executive branch) Other Institutions European Central Bank European Court of Justice UN vs. EU What are some similarities and differences between the EU and the UN? What challenges does the EU face going forward? What does regional governance mean for sate sovereignty? 10/31/12- Global Civil Society What is "civil society"?- Behaviors and beliefs that make societies civil Respect is a function that allows people that do not see eye to eye get along. Protests, organize, get information It's peaceful States and Other Actors What are some examples of NGOs? WWF, Amnesty International, PITA, Habitat, ICRC, HR First Services: Lobbying gov officials, long term education, direct services- Amicus curiae briefs, or judicial lobbying. Medical care. Truth telling/collecting and disseminating accurate information-AI and ICC examples.
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  • Fall '12
  • BenjaminCarbonetti
  • Cold War

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