I chambers did not have a lawyer did not look at

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i. Chambers did not have a lawyer, did not look at transcripts, and was not willing to take a polygraph 39. THE START OF THE COLD WAR A. How to govern eastern and central Europe i. Allies assumed control over territory each nation held B. Mistrust on both sides—deep seated assumptions; a matter of ideology i. Disagreement on how WWII was to be fought 1. Soviets wanted a second front opened C. What was post WWII Europe to look like? i. Soviets wanted a buffer zone of satellite states ii. Yalta-- 1945 1. Demanded strict peace 2. Allow elections in Poland a. Soviets wanted Germany to pay and pay like after WWI 40. ORIGINS A. Rhetoric (mutual mistrust) i. War of words ii. Stalin Feb. 1946 iii. Churchill March 1946 1. Western powers needed to re-amp their powers B. Germany and berlin were divided i. Germany will be governed by the forces that occupy it ii. East was communist—owned by Soviets iii. West was democratic – owned by the allies iv. June 1948- Berlin Blockade 1. Allies proposed a currency reform without speaking with the communists first v. Berlin airlift—1948-1949 18
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1. Allies dropped in food, medicine, assistance to berlin C. Containment Policy i. George F. Kennan and “Long Telegram” 1. Kennan loved the soviets but hated the way they were governed 2. Sent back state and 8000-word telegram a. In it stated the soviets would never exist peacefully with the allies. The only way to make a peace, the soviets would have to destroy anything in their path. ii. Marshal Plan (George C. Marshal—Secretary of State) 1. What US needs to do is put huge injection of cash to Germany to build up their economy. 2. Give resources, and money iii. Truman Doctrine 1. Wanted to give Greece and Turkey a large some of money to keep them democratic and keep communism out WEST GERMANY AND THE MUNICH OLYMPICS 41. 1972 MUNICH OLYMPICS A. Games had been awarded in 1966 B. Welcome Germany back into the community of nations i. Lesson after treaty of Versailles 1. Wanted to reintegrate Germany to keep communism out ii. European Coal and Steel Community (1951) iii. European Economic Community (1957) 1. Lowering of tariffs to help German economy iv. Eventually became European Union (1993) 42. MUNICH: THE ANTI-BERLIN GAMES A. Games used to repudiate Nazi past i. Colors of Nazi-ism were not shown ii. Olympic poster series iii. Olympic village and opening ceremonies: no militarism or nationalism 19
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1. Guards did not carry guns, fences did not have barbed wire, athletes did not march out iv. The Games of Peace and Joy
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