diplomatic, military) • Wary about Chinese regional interests but assess them as less threatening; creates tensions, but can be worked out through diplomacy and negotiations • Emphasis of engagement is on integration and diplomacy: China needs to be brought into more multilateral organizations, as with the WTO—provides structured, peaceful mechanisms for dealing with China’s own concerns, and will also encourage China to adopt international norms and abide by international rules. • The US (on a bilateral basis) should continue with periodic summits in diplomacy, trade, and other areas—human rights and democratization aren’t to be ignored, but options besides economic sanctions are preferred. • Clinton=engagement; 2 nd Bush=containment Major Power Geopolitics • Determines international relations • “must maintain the mechanisms for deterring potential competitors from even aspiring to a larger regional or global role” • Primacy: (realist theory) stressing the preponderance in the economic, military, technological, and cultural dimenstions of power—is in the national interest. A large disparity of power is more likely to deter challenges by other would-be powers than to provoke them • “Unipolarity makes for a stable world” because of historical writings stressing the risks of war amid “power transitions” when an existing power was challenged by a rising one”—no other major power is either ready to play [the US’s role] or, if it were, would do so in a manner so much in the collective interest. • Concern w/ rise of China: Power Transitions: through intention or miscalculation a rising power and existing dominant power may end up going beyond competition to conflict-ex: Germany’s rise challenging Great Britain=WWI-alternative view claims “peaceful contestation” where China will pursue self interests but largely within the rules of the game and open to cooperation with US • Integration Strategy: bringing others in rather than keeping them down—“power and peace” -b/c seeking only to dominate makes power bring some gains but not very sustainable ones (“paradox of American Power”)
• Increasing the stakes of the other major powers in a stable, peaceful international system, and enhancing their role in and responsibility for maintaining and strengthening it, is strategically sounder than efforts premised on American primacy or hegemony.
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