Chaplains leaving the military added to the weaknesses of the chaplaincy.Opportunities: Valuable lessons learned paved the way for a better chaplaincy. A valuable lesson learned about chaplains was the need to administer God in truth to all people which provided a means of opportunity for the chaplaincy. When there were shortages of chaplains, governments selected priests with no military affiliation. For chaplains who stayed behind in their parishes, governments imposed special instructions as well. Bishop Ivo of Charters laid outin detail the canonical responsibilities of military chaplains, including both their moral and sacramental duties. Governments saw the need for chaplains to do much more. Chaplains wouldfast, have intercessory prayer for soldiers, and sing psalms. Pope Gregory IX provided a detailedlist of the military chaplain’s duties in a papal bull. He emphasized that they were to hear confessions, assign penances, and carry out the other sacraments, very likely meaning the celebration of mass and, when necessary, the provision of last ritesThreats: Chaplains were wrongly accused or labeled as evil, when the reality was that the laymen were the ones who were evil. Henry Denne and Paul Hobson gave the army a reputation for radical sectarianism. The religious radicals’ association with the chaplains was independent of the chaplains themselves.