perceive and comprehend language as well as produce and use words and sentences to communicate.e.Symbolic representation: use objects for other than intended purposesf.Receptive Language:the ability to understand words and language; involves gaining information and meaning from visual information, sounds, words, written information, and concepts (size, shapes, color, etc.). 12.At what age would you likely see an infant begin to social reference? Describe an example of social referencing. Between the ages of 8 and 10 months is when you would likely see an infant begin to social reference. Social referencing refers to the time when infants learn social cues from adults based on facial expressions, tones of voice, etc., to form responses and adjust their behaviors toward different events, environments, people, etc. An example of this would be a mother using a stern tone of voice and angry facial expression to convey to her infant that they cannot hit their older sibling. The infant interprets the mother’s facial expression and tone of voice as being negative, which leads them to stop/change the unwanted behavior. 13.What is stranger anxiety/separation anxiety?Separation anxiety refers to when a baby becomes anxious/upset or fusses/cries when they're separated from their caregiver(s). Stranger anxiety refers to when a baby becomes worried/fearful when someone they don't know approaches them.14.List 3 developmental markers that indicate that a toddler is ready to toilet train.a.Pulling at a wet or dirty diaper.b.Hiding to pee/poop.c.Telling you that they’re about to go/have just gone in their diaper. d.The development of autonomy, the self, and prosocial behavior. University at Buffalo: Winkelman
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