Gander and Gardner (1984) as cited by Mathatha Viola, (2013) conducted a study on the effectof parental aspirations and expectations on career development and career choices in bothdisabled and non-disabled young people. The study found that youngsters frequently interactedwith their parents as they approached adolescence. In turn, parents influenced them throughindications that they were expected to take over the family business or follow the parents’profession hence, career development. Similarly, Turner et al. (2003) found that parents hadvarious intentions regarding the career development of their children. It is for this reason thatparental involvement in guidance and counselling programmes is very important for thedevelopment of the child.
In a longitudinal study conducted by Whiston and Keller (2004) on the parental involvement as adeterminant of career development of young adolescents with visual impairments in the UnitedStates of America, it was found that parental involvement influenced what the child learnt aboutwork and work experiences. The study also reflected parental attitudes about school and workwhich in turn, had a long term impact on their children’s’ career choices, decisions and plans.Ferry (2006) conducted a study on parental influence on careers of learners with visualimpairments in the rural Pennsylvania. Findings indicated that parents frequently interacted withtheir children, by so doing, and as the school leaving age drew nearer, the aspirations of theirchildren tended to move closer to the occupation level of their parent seven though earlier theywere closer to the occupational goals common in their schools. This resulted in careerdevelopment.Patton and McCrindle (2001) also conducted a longitudinal study in Queensland, Australia onhow the family influenced career development of learners with disabilities. The study found thatas parents engaged in quality interactions or discussions with their children, they influenced theirchildren’s career development through indications that being adults, they knew what was betterfor their children. Additionally, as children engaged in quality interactions with their parents,their self esteem and ability to make decisions increased.Similarly, Sebald (1989) reported that as parents interacted with their children, they stronglyinfluenced them in their career development through the career advice they gave them.Consequently, they developed career decision making skills.Mutie and Ndambuki (1999), reported that many students come from families which are not ableto provide for their needs adequately. There is also a gap in the range of sympathetic adults whocould be turned to in times of need. This gap was formally filled by adult brothers and sisters,friendly aunts and grandparents, within the traditional set-up. Families are also not equipped toprovide job-related information. Such information can come from agencies whose job it is tosupply relevant and adequate materials. The family is also not equipped to supply information on