Chapter 11 - Solution Manual

B in the situation described in a the transferor may

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b. In the situation described in (a), the transferor may have sold to the transferee a put option. Exercise of the put option by the transferee would result in the transferor repurchasing certain assets that it has transferred, but which it still records as assets in its balance sheet. Because the transferor is required to recognize the borrowing, recognition of the put option would result in
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244 recording the liability twice. Therefore, the derivative instrument is not subject to the scope of this Subtopic. c. A transferor may transfer fixed-rate financial assets to a transferee and guarantee a variable-rate return. If the transfer is accounted for as a sale and an interest-rate swap is entered into as part of the contractual provisions of the transfer, the transferor records the interest rate swap as one of the financial components. In that case, the interest rate swap should be accounted for separately in accordance with this Subtopic. However, if the transfer is accounted for as a financing, the transferor records on its balance sheet the issuance of variable-rate debt and continues to report the fixed-rate financial assets; no derivative instrument is recognized under this Subtopic. d. In a securitization transaction, a transferor transfers $100 of fixed-rate financial assets and the contractual terms of the beneficial interests incorporate an interest rate swap with a notional principal of $1 million. If the transfer is accounted for as a sale and the interest rate swap is entered into as part of the contractual provisions of the transfer, the transferor identifies and records the interest rate swap as one of the financial components. In that case, the interest rate swap would be accounted for separately in accordance with this Subtopic. However, if the transfer is accounted for as a financing, the transferor records in its balance sheet a $100 variable-rate borrowing and continues to report the $100 of fixed-rate financial assets. In this instance, because the liability is leveraged, requiring computation of interest flows based on a $1 million notional amount, the liability (which does not meet the definition of a derivative instrument in its entirety) is a hybrid instrument that contains an embedded derivative—such as an interest rate swap with a notional amount of $999,900. That embedded derivative is not clearly and closely related to the host contract under Section 815-15-25 (see paragraph 815-15- 25-1[c]) because it could result in a rate of return on the counterparty’s asset that is at least double the initial rate and that is at least twice what otherwise would be the then-current market return for a contract that has the same terms as the host contract and that involves a debtor with credit quality similar to the issuer’s credit quality at inception. Therefore, the derivative instrument must be recorded separately under paragraph 815-15-25-1.
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