9:14:12 The Enlightenment, Candide, 18th Century

Lampooning old regime voltaire is especially

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lampooning old regime; Voltaire is especially criticizing violence b/t religious groups, countries, races, optimism, greed, the nobility, the Catholic
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9/14/12 Church, the nature of human beings Martin v. Pangloss – both are actually not good (looking on extremes in terms of optimism/pessimism); Candide was the illegitimate nephew of baron – 71 of 72 people in his ancestry are of nobility – that 1 is why she would not marry El Dorado : Candide leaves Eldorado b/c he’s not too thrilled; becomes greedy and wants more; their beliefs are that they believe in a God but don’t ask for anything, do no ritual; everyone is their own priest; the idea that people aren’t going to leave – so secluded that it isn’t a realistic place; no courts, prisons, crimes; Palace of Science (Enlightenment thought) Become more isolated b/c they create their own garden – busy-work, but simplistic; at the end, they stopped theorizing; ignorance is bliss; Voltaire is a pessimistic thinker Leibniz has this optimistic theory: you have this God that puts things in motion, therefore, everyone has to be good; God wouldn’t have created the idea that there is the best of possible worlds; extreme optimism – *but the problem is that it doesn’t take evil into account 18 th Century Culture
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