Question 10 a patriots were not the majority and like

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Question 10 a. Patriots were not the majority, and like all revolutionaries, they tended to be from the younger generation—men like Samuel Adams and Patrick Henry. b. Correct. Most colonists were initially neutral, but many were eventually swayed by the more convincing arguments Patriots could make than those offered by the British. c. Loyalists comprised only 16 percent of the population, although they paid a high price; they were harassed by patriots who sought a unified front against the British, especially after the Declaration of Independence. Many were imprisoned and had their property confiscated and sold to finance the war effort. d. Militia volunteers were enthusiastic, but not in the majority. e. Loyalists were wary of the Revolution; Patriots were enthusiastic, and Neutrals were unsure. Question 11 a. It was not the first Patriot victory, but rather the one that marked a turning point toward ultimate victory for the colonial cause. b. Washington did not seek recruits along the Delaware or New Jersey; his objective was a sneak attack on the enemy. c. Correct answer. Morale was low after several crushing defeats at the hands of the British. But by surprising and overtaking the Hessians camped at Trenton and later Princeton, Washington displayed his military cunning, boosted the confidence of Patriots, and checked the British advance on Philadelphia—thus providing a major turning point in the Revolution. d. A thousand Hessians were captured by Washington’s troops at Trenton and more at Princeton, but Howe was not among them.
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e. British strategists sought to capture the Hudson Valley in 1777, and thereby leave New England isolated from the rest of the colonies. But this was not the goal that was intercepted by Washington at Delaware, Trenton, or Princeton. Question 12 a. Correct answer. France waited to back the Americans until the latter could prove victory was possible; in Saratoga, they did just that. France then sent the aid and troops that helped ensure America’s ultimate victory and independence. b. Burgoyne, an intelligent military strategist, did not perish in combat, but was merely forced to retreat. c. Britain surrendered only in the Battle of Saratoga; the Revolution was won later in Yorktown. d. It boosted the morale of the Patriots, but the more important result was the entry of France into the American cause. e. Only France entered the Revolution as America’s ally at this time, doing so largely for revenge against Britain for the Seven Years’ War, when France was forced to cede all of its North American colonies to the victorious Britain. Spain did not enter the war until 1779, when the Revolution expanded into an international conflict. Question 13 a. American rebels not only had revolutionary ideas about self-government, but their politics extended to international affairs, including the goal of ending colonialism.
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