Emancipation Proclamation- Freed the slavesBattle Hymn of the Republic-Julia Ward Howe-Paul Robeson-Freedmen’s Bureau- March 1865 Congress Passed the Freedmen’s Bureau. Distributed food and clothing to destitute Southerners and eased the transition of blacks from slaves to free persons. Congress also authorized the agency to divide abandoned and confiscated land into 40 acre plots and to rent them to freedmen. By June 1865, the bureau had situated nearly 10,000 black families on a half million acres abandoned by fleeing planters.Black Codes-State governments across the south adopted a series of laws known as black codes, which made a travesty of black freedom. The codes sought to keep ex-slaves subordinate to whites by subjecting them to every sort of discrimination.Civil Rights Act- moderates designed their second measure. To nullify the black codes by affirming African Americans’ rights to “full and equal benefit of all laws and proceedings for the security of person and property as is enjoyed by white citizens” The act required the end of legal discrimination in state laws and represented and extraordinary expansion of black rights and federal authority.
Abraham Lincoln- President of the United States in 1865. Lincoln exercised his right not to sign the bill of Wade and Davis. Lincoln designed his own plan instead. Lincolns thinking about reconstruction was