final exam notes 2 and quizlets.docx

Black female stars made greater strides than any

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black female stars made greater strides than any other group during the 4 years b/w Olympiads there were internal racial contradictions: most people thought there would be a peaceful transition from segregation to integration in the public schools (as ordered by the Supreme Court) but this was not the case -The Games of 1960 (Rome) Rafer Johnson o (won silver medal in decathlon in Melbourne) o had the honor of carrying the American flag during the opening ceremonies in Rome o Set a new Olympic record in the decathlon o Was with presidential candidate, Kennedy when he was assassinated in LA o 1984 Olympics was awarded the honor of lighting the torch above the Coliseum Wilma Rudolph wins 3 gold medals *Wilma Rudolph -1 st African American woman to win 3 gold medals born in Clarksville, TN; was the 20 th out of 22 children. Born premature diagnosed with polio at a very young age—no cure, docs said she wouldn’t walk, eventually wore leg brace at 7, she attended a segregated and at age 12, she was able to walk normally w/o a brace or corrective shoes played basketball in high school—was noticed by Tennessee state track coach (Ed Temple ) in 1956, age 16—earned spot in US Olympic team in Melbourne (won bronze in relay) in 1960 at Olympics in Rome, she became the first American woman to win 3 gold medals (because of her success, gender barriers began to fall) o victory parade held upon her return from Rome in 1962, retired from track. Later taught, married, had 4 children; became a sports commentator on national television & co-hosted a network radio show
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-1964: in the early 60’s black colleges made concerted efforts to upgrade their track programs the protest so typical of this period did more for college sports than public school sports -1964: IOC expels Indonesia from Olympics -Indonesia & communist China form Games of the Newly Emerging Forces (GANEFO) many 3 rd world countries join 3 reasons why it was disbanded: o removal from power of pres Sukarno of Indonesia o defeat of Egypt in the 6 day war o cultural revolution of china (seclusion of china) -the Games of 1964 (Tokyo) black athletes left Tokyo with 19 American and world records to their credit Bob Hayes : o Won the 100-meters by a 7-foot margin o Considered the fastest of the “world’s fastest human o Later played wide receiver for Dallas Cowboys -There were more angry black athletes in more sports in the mid-60’s than at any other time -The Olympic Project for Human Rights (OPHR) was formed by sociologist Harry Edwards This group fully endorsed a boycott of the 1968 Olympics The reaction to this proposed boycott was loud and diverse: Black athletes were by no means totally supportive
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*the Games of 1968 (Mexico City) black athletes of the Black Power movement demonstrated for racial quality at the Games. Stood with fists raised & heads down Bob Beamon ’s new world record in the long jump o Broke the world record for the long jump by more than two feet—he jump 29’ 2 1/2 “
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