Crohn’s Disease who smoke can be encouraged to quit smoking because smoking increases the risk of developing a severe form of the disease and might result in poor response to treatment (Huether & McCance, 2017). Behavior as an Impact on IBD and IBS Behaviors that have an impact on the pathogenesis of both IBD and IBS include smoking, the use of oral contraceptive, living in an urban environment, perinatal or childhood exposure to infection and antibiotics and atypical mycobacterial infections (Quigley, 2016). Stress has also been reported to increase the severity of both diseases, especially chronic sustained stressors (Bengtsson, Sjoberg, Candamio, Lerman & Ohlsson, 2013). References Bengtsson, M., Sjoberg, K., Candamio, M., Lerman, A., & Ohlsson, B. (2013). Anxiety in close relationships is higher and self-esteem lower in patients with irritable bowel syndrome compared to patients with inflammatory bowel disease. European Journal of Internal Medicine , 24(3), 266- 272. Blagden, S., Kingstone, T., Soundy, A., Lee, R., Singh, S., & Roberts, L. (n.d). A Comparative Study of Quality of Life in Persons with Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Gastroenterology Nursing, 38(4), 268-278 Casey, G. (2017). Inflammatory bowel disease. Kai Tiaki Nursing New Zealand , 23(2), 20-26. Hammer, G. D., & McPhee, S. J. (2019). Pathophysiology of disease: An introduction to clinical medicine (8th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education
Huether, S. E., & McCance, K. L. (2017). Understanding pathophysiology (6th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby. Quigley, E. M. (2016). Overlapping irritable bowel syndrome and inflammatory bowel disease: less to this than meets the eye?. Therapeutic Advances In Gastroenterology, 9(2), 199-212. doi:10.1177/1756283X15621230
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- Summer '18
- Gastroenterology, Irritable bowel syndrome, IBS, Ulcerative colitis, Inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn's disease