Four our purposes double consciousness is similar to

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Four our purposes, double-consciousness is similar to Mills’ sociological imagination in that itrequires the person to transcend the taken-for-granted world-Applies to any socially marginalized groups including racial, ethnic, and sexual minoritiesAgents of Socialization-Individuals, groups, and social institutions that together help to become functioning members ofsocietyFamilies-By far, the most important agents of socialization because they are the centre of children’s lives-In the first years oflife, families are largely responsible for children’s emerging identities, self-esteem and personalities (first values and attitudes a child embraces are simple reflections of hisor her family’s values and attitudes) –taught to behave pro-socially at a very early age-Also, responsible for establishing acceptable gender roles, social classes and ethnic identities-When parents model what they believe to be acceptable roles for men and women, their childtends to imitate and internalize those patterns (Ex. boys mow lawns, girls help in kitchen)-This reinforcesgender stereotypingthat influences what each child considers to be appropriatefor men and women-Responsible for assigningthesocioeconomic status (SES)as it is determined by family’s income,parents’ education level, parents’ occupations and social standing within the community-Culture Capitalare social assets (values, beliefs, attitudes, competencies) that are gained fromone’s family and help one to succeed in life
Peers-The importance of one’sfriends, or peers, increases during adolescence and friends are veryinfluential in defining what adolescents think of the world and feel about themselves-Peer Groupsconsist of people who are closely related in age and share similar interests-To a young person, belonging to a peer group is vital for establishing a sense of community aswell as for achieving and maintaining social influenceEducation-School ideally evaluates children on what they do rather than who they are-Hidden Curriculumis the unconscious, informal, and unwritten norms and rules that reinforceand maintain social conventionsAlso plays an important role in gender role socialization, teachers are often unaware thatthey perpetuate gender-based stereotypes (Ex. perceiving girls work harder and boys aremore likely to be disruptive)Can result in theself-fulfilling prophecywhich is a prediction that once made, makes theoutcome occurMass Media-Forms of communication produced by a few people for consumption by the masses-Socialization functions are subtler, much of it occurring unconsciously-Although television provides some reinforcement for prosocial behaviour, majority of itscontent reinforces competition and the desire for financial wealth-95% of individuals in the highest income category used the internet in 2012, while only 62% ofthose in the lowest income category did so-The higher income and education levels may be the first to benefit from information highway

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Term
Winter
Professor
N/A
Tags
Sociology, Orientalism, researcher

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