6.6What finally caused the fall of the Northern Kingdom?Israel is exiled because of sin (17:9–23). Israel worshiped other gods; theyrejected the Lord who had brought them from Egypt and gave them the PromisedLand. Israel followed other nations and willfully adopted their practices, theiridols, their places of worship, and their sacrifices.Israel had proven to be obstinate. The Lord had warned Israel through prophetsto turn to him and to obey him according to the Mosaic law. Moses and theprophets were rejected. The covenant made with the patriarchs was broken.When told not to do what the nations did, Israel would not listen and becamestubborn. Israel forsook all the commands of the Lord and adopted ever moresinful ways.The Lord became very angry. He had claimed Israel as his people for centuries;he had been gracious, compassionate, and patient. The time has now come forthe Lord to reject Israel and deliver his people into the hands of invaders andplunderers. It is the Lord who has exiled Israel. The prophecies of the Lord,spoken to warn Israel, are fulfilled.Samaria, the northern part of the Promised Land, is resettled (17:24–41). Theking of Assyria takes captured subjects and exiles them to Canaan. Thus a mixedpopulation inhabits the land. These newcomers do not know the ways of theLord. God sends lions among them; the terrified people complain to the king ofAssyria that they are being killed because of their ignorance. The Assyrian kingsends an exiled priest to Bethel to teach the newcomers how to worship the Lord.He does not teach them who the Lord is; what his moral precepts and promisesare; what his covenant is. The priest teaches them the basic mechanicalprocedures of Mosaic worship.11
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ReadGHL_Historical BooksAs a result, syncretistic worship develops. Each exiled group holds to its nationalgods; the people use Israelite shrines and altars to sacrifice to their gods; theyalso follow the procedures the priest of Israel taught them. Syncretistic worshipcontinues for years. Those Israelites who were not exiled, but were left behind,forget the Lord who delivered them from Egypt and made a covenant with them,Van Groningen (1996). 6.7Trace the religious conditions throughout the period of the Northern Kingdom. Compare the conditions to those in the Southern Kingdom.12
ReadGHL_Historical BooksWorks Cited Albert Barnes (1798-1870). Albert Barnes' Notes on the BibleDr. John Gill (1690-1771). John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible. Hughes RB and Laney JC 2001. Tyndale Concise Bible Commentary.Wheaton: Tyndale House.Mangano M 2005. Old Testament Introduction. College Press NIV Commentary. Joplin: College Press. Van Groningen G 1996. In WA Elwell (ed.), Evangelical Commentary on the Bible. Grand Rapids: Baker.13
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