66 what finally caused the fall of the northern

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6.6 What finally caused the fall of the Northern Kingdom? Israel is exiled because of sin ( 17:9–23 ). Israel worshiped other gods; they rejected the Lord who had brought them from Egypt and gave them the Promised Land. Israel followed other nations and willfully adopted their practices, their idols, their places of worship, and their sacrifices. Israel had proven to be obstinate. The Lord had warned Israel through prophets to turn to him and to obey him according to the Mosaic law. Moses and the prophets were rejected. The covenant made with the patriarchs was broken. When told not to do what the nations did, Israel would not listen and became stubborn. Israel forsook all the commands of the Lord and adopted ever more sinful ways. The Lord became very angry. He had claimed Israel as his people for centuries; he had been gracious, compassionate, and patient. The time has now come for the Lord to reject Israel and deliver his people into the hands of invaders and plunderers. It is the Lord who has exiled Israel. The prophecies of the Lord, spoken to warn Israel, are fulfilled. Samaria, the northern part of the Promised Land, is resettled ( 17:24–41 ). The king of Assyria takes captured subjects and exiles them to Canaan. Thus a mixed population inhabits the land. These newcomers do not know the ways of the Lord. God sends lions among them; the terrified people complain to the king of Assyria that they are being killed because of their ignorance. The Assyrian king sends an exiled priest to Bethel to teach the newcomers how to worship the Lord. He does not teach them who the Lord is; what his moral precepts and promises are; what his covenant is. The priest teaches them the basic mechanical procedures of Mosaic worship. 11
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ReadGHL_Historical Books As a result, syncretistic worship develops. Each exiled group holds to its national gods; the people use Israelite shrines and altars to sacrifice to their gods; they also follow the procedures the priest of Israel taught them. Syncretistic worship continues for years. Those Israelites who were not exiled, but were left behind, forget the Lord who delivered them from Egypt and made a covenant with them, Van Groningen (1996). 6.7 Trace the religious conditions throughout the period of the Northern Kingdom. Compare the conditions to those in the Southern Kingdom. 12
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ReadGHL_Historical Books Works Cited Albert Barnes (1798-1870). Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible Dr. John Gill (1690-1771). John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible. Hughes RB and Laney JC 2001. Tyndale Concise Bible Commentary. Wheaton: Tyndale House. Mangano M 2005. Old Testament Introduction. College Press NIV Commentary. Joplin: College Press. Van Groningen G 1996. In WA Elwell (ed.), Evangelical Commentary on the Bible. Grand Rapids: Baker. 13
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