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386.Our personalities are shaped by the stories we tell about ourselves, according toa.the personal fable theory.b.the narrative approach.c.the projective approach.d.situational testing.ANS: BPTS:1DIF:ModerateREF:Humanistic Theory-Peak Experiences and Personal GrowthOBJ:10.4.5KEY: Fact387.Marisa feels that she is being too careless and carefree at college, so she imagines herself studying more, getting to class on time, and getting good grades. Marisa also listens to the stories of successful students and uses them to revise her own story. To help herself to become a better student, Marisa is using the __________ approach. 388.Asma feels that she is being too conscientious and is working too hard at school at the expense of having any fun. Although she still wants to make good grades, she wants to balance work and play better. So, she listens to stories of her extraverted friends and imagines herself going out and socializing more while still being a good student. To become more sociable and to have fun, Asma is using the __________ approach. 88
389.You are using the narrative approach. Whatever possible self you choose to pursue, you are more likely to become what you imagine if youa.elaborate your story, making it more detailed and “real” as you gradually adopt new patterns.b.find a role model completely opposite of your personality to identify with and to imitate.c.remind yourself that this approach will dramatically change your personality traits, so be sure that you want to change.d.remind yourself to be patient since it will take at least two years before a significant change can be made in one’s personality.ANS: APTS:1DIF:ModerateREF:Humanistic Theory-Peak Experiences and Personal GrowthOBJ:10.4.5KEY: Concept390.According to Rogers, mirrors, photographs, video cameras, and the reactions of others hold both fascination and threat for many people because they