Powerful influence in successful movements to change state capitals into

Powerful influence in successful movements to change

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Powerful influence in successful movements to change state capitals into interior of state (rather than east coast) Capitals of New Hampshire, New York, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia moved Westward Geographical shifts caused political shifts- conservative Americans unhappy Economic Crosscurrents Economic changes noteworthy but not overwhelming o States seized control of once royal owned land o Many Loyalist holdings seized and cut into small farms Ex: Roger Morris’s land cut into 250 parcels (helped spread democracy) o Excesses of French Revolution avoided Cheap land was now easily available America had few aristocrats to be overthrown Economic democracy preceded political democracy o Sharp stimulus given to manufacturing by prewar nonimportation agreements and war itself Goods from England cut off- Yankees forced to make own Brandywine Creek turning water wheels of mills along eight miles Still remained nation of overwhelming number of soil-tillers Commerce of Britain reserved for loyalist parts of empire o American ships banned from British and British West Indies harbors o Fisheries disrupted o Bounties for ships’ stores abruptly ended In some respects British Navigation Laws more disagreeable after independence New commercial outlets partially compensated for old ones o could trade freely with foreign nations (free from mercantilism) o Yankee ships ventured into Baltic and China Seas Empress of China carried ginseng (herb that was believed to cure impotence by Chinese doctors) into East Asian markets
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War produced dispiriting extravagance, speculation, and profiteering o Some profits as high as 300% o State governments borrowed more than could pay back o Inflation ruinous to citizens o Congress failed to limit economic laws Citizen worse off financially at end of shooting than at start Economic and social atmosphere unhealthy o Newly rich class of profiteers were conspicuous o Once wealthy left poor Colonies had distaste for taxes and disrespect for law (because of England) o John Adams told all courts of justice closed (plight was temporary) Creating a Confederation Second Continental Congress of Revolutionary days o Little more than a conference of ambassadors from the 13 states o Without constitutional authority- did only what it dared to do Asserted some control over military affairs and foreign policy Thirteen states were independent Coined their own money Raised armies and navies Erected tariff barriers o Legislature of Virginia ratified treaty of alliance with France before Declaration of Independence Congress appointed committee to draft written constitution o finish product- Articles of Confederation o adopted in 1777 o translated in French to convince France America had a genuine government articles not ratified by all thirteen states until victory at Yorktown o western lands in disagreement o seven had tons of acreage on the basis of early charter grants including New York and Virginia o
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