Gestalt psychology similarity good continuation

Info icon This preview shows pages 2–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Gestalt psychology: similarity, good continuation, proximity, simplicity, and closure Perceptual constancy: we perceive constant properties of objects although the sensory info we receive changes Unconscious interference: if an image is farther, it casts a smaller image although we perceive the objects actual size o Moon illusion: moon looks bigger near the horizon Depth perception: viewing the world in 3D while considering the distance Oculomotor cues: short distances o Accommodation: adjusting focus o Convergence: eyes converge as an object gets closer Monocular cues: one eye o Pictorial cues: impression of depth on a flat surfaces Interposition, linear perspective, relative size, and texture gradient o Motion cues: literally moving Motion parallax (back and forth) and optic flow (side to side) Chapter 4: Object Recognition Visual agnosia: having a hard time perceiving/interpreting information Apperceptive agnosia: a person not perceiving an object so they can’t name it, match it, or copy it Associative agnosia: can perceive and describe objects but can’t associate it with its actual name Prosopagnosia: not recognizing individual faces (damage in the fusiform area) Context and knowledge We recognize objects more easily when we’ve encountered them frequently and recently Activation models Input – features – letters – words Input – features – geons – geon assemblies – objects 2
Image of page 2

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 5: Paying Attention Selective attention Dichotic listening Shadowing: hearing 2 different stimuli but being told to listen to 1 and to repeat that one back after listening. When asked questions about the other, only physical properties were observed and not the actual content Cocktail effect Selection Early selection: a “filter” acts on incoming messages & only allows the attended message to be processed Late selection: almost all the info is processed before selection takes place Load theory: more space is available during late selection than in early selection Posner study With only 20% primed, there was a benefit for G,GG and not for H,GG bc no expectation With 80% primed, there was an even higher benefit for G,GG and an extremely low cost
Image of page 3
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern