Quran was often included in architecture as inscriptions on buildings and words

Quran was often included in architecture as

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Quran, was often included in architecture as inscriptions on buildings, and words were also woven into textiles. Due to the importance of the written word, calligraphy became a highly respected profession in the Islamic world. Calligraphy itself also took on a mystical quality, with the letters themselves having meaning and symbolism (Weitzel, 2008). In Medieval Spain, architecture is dominated by the early Muslim influence. It is found in the Muslim mosques, with mosaic tiles and red and white striped arches. Christian architecture in this area also shows Islamic influence with its use of keystone arches and inscription writing in wall designs (Vaughan, 2003). Decoration also shared common themes, such as floral and vine motifs to reference paradise. In Christian art, the vine scroll refers specifically to Jesus. While it does not take on an identical meaning in Islamic culture, it still references Jesus’ purpose in coming – to help humans return to Paradise (Grupico, 2011). The dome was also an important part of both Christian and Islamic sacred architecture (Grupico, 2011). In “The Dome in Christian and Islamic Sacred Architecture”, Grupico (2011) says that “in the Islamic as much as in the Christian structure, the central plan crowned by a dome was adopted as a visual articulation of a spiritual journey”. Both styles utilize the circular dome over a square base to “physically [articulate] the relationship between the human and divine realms” (Grupico, 2011), with the circle, having no beginning and no end, representing the heavens and the eternal, and the square representing the earth, having four sides like the four points of a compass. Daily Life, Education, and Language
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UNIT 5 ESSAY 6 Christians in Medieval Spain adopted many of the elements of the Muslim lifestyle, including their style of dress, dietary restrictions, learning their language, and developing an appreciation for their poetry, music, and architecture (McKay, 2017). These Christians were referred to as Mozarabs and they adopted the styles and customs of Muslims without converting. Many of them also did not adhere strictly to the laws of the Christian religion and there was a significant degree of intermarriage between Muslims and Christians, usually resulting in the woman converting to Islam (Vaughan, 2003). “A defining characteristic of Muslim society, unlike their Christian contemporaries in the rest of Europe, was its urban quality” (Vaughan, 2003), as seen in large cities such as Damascus, Baghdad, and Cairo. Christians living in Muslim Spain enjoyed the luxuries of Islamic influence, such as large homes with gardens, paved and well-lit streets, and freshwater for bathing and drinking (McKay, 2017). In al-Andalus, there was a library with four hundred thousand volumes, compared to the largest Christian library in Europe which held less than four hundred manuscripts. There were seventy other libraries in this city and they employed seventy copyists who worked exclusively on copying Qurans (Vaughan, 2003).
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  • Spring '12
  • Barker
  • Islam, Vaughan

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