a civil war broke out in 1771 as a result of the Regulator movement in North

A civil war broke out in 1771 as a result of the

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-a civil war broke out in 1771 as a result of the Regulator movement in North Carolina -Regulators were farmers who organized in opposition to the high taxes that local sheriffs collected – revolt was suppressed by Governor William Tryon-Battle of Alamance -the funds Britain had poured into the colonies which had stopped after peace caused a postwar depression -However, the political consequences in the eyes of the colonists was much worse – accustomed to powers of self-government – determined to protect powers Stirrings of Revolt -War had given colonists heightened sense of their own importance to protecting political autonomy Stamp Act Crisis -Stamp act fell on all Americans – thought of it as a direct attempt by England to raise revenue in the colonies without the consent of the colonial assemblies -Patrick Henry, from Virginia, introduced a set of resolutions declaring that Americans possessed the same rights as the English, especially the right to be taxed only by their own representatives -In 1765, a group called the Sons of Liberty terrorized stamp agents and burned the stamps – the sale of stamps virtually ceased -Stamp Act was repealed in 1765 by the Marquis of Rockingham, prime minister -Parliament passed the Declaratory Act, asserting Parliament’s authority over the colonies “in all cases whatsoever.” The Townshend Program -Townshend was the chancellor to William Penn, who succeeded Rockingham -had to deal with American grievances with the Mutiny (Quartering) Act, which required the colonists to provide quarters and supplies for the British troops in America -Townshend steered two measures through Parliament: the first disbanded the New York Assembly until the colonists agreed to obey the mutiny Act; the second levied new taxes on various goods imported to the colonies from England -Boston merchants were indignant by Townshend establishing a new board of customs commissioners in America- organized another boycott -Townshend suddenly died in 1767 and was succeeded by Lord North-repealed Townshend Duties except the tax on tea in March 1770 The Boston Massacre -Because of the colonists’ harassment of the new customs commissioners in Boston had grown so intense, the British government had place four regiments of regular troops inside the city-constant affront to the colonists’ sense of independence -Soldiers competed with local workers in an already tight market-clashes were frequent -On night of March 5, 1770, Captain Thomas Preston lined up several of his men and shot five people to death -transformed into the “Boston Massacre” using engraving by Paul Revere -Leading figure in forming public outrage was Samuel Adams, the most effective radical in the colonies
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The Philosophy of Revolt -Most people in both England and America considered the English constitution the best system ever devised to meet these necessities, which were that because people were corrupt and selfish, government was need to protect individuals from evil but any government need safeguards to avoid abuse of power
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