WEEK SEVEN: REVOLUTIONS2018/10/2 Lecture 12 The French Revolution **The midterm is gonna test through this lecturePrior political reforms not including common people The prior two lectures: political and social ferment period; Enlightenment -> revolution The origin point of modern understanding of politics; role model of Russian revolution, idea of political change, Vietnam, China; the revolution didn’t end, roadmap for political transformation around the world Moving and complicated one1.The Causes of the French Revolution a.Financial Crisis of the Ancien Regimei.By middle 17c, French state brokeii.Involvement in US independence war, cost moneyyy iii.Hiring and firing financial ministers, to get out of debt, failiv.Jacques Necker, to raise tax to recover from debt, but he didn’t want to, publish an account of finance of the state (first ever!), Compte Rendu Au Roi, 1) how money flow in a state 2) the book showed surplus! It was a lie! -> later problems v.French parlement oppo state, tax, Reform inside govt -> conflicts produced and intensified vi.1788 parlement refused to register the legislation, ratify taxes vii.state generals meeting after more than 100 yrs, recall parlement back and resolve this issue viii.the financial crisis become political crisis; access to more decisions (bring parlement back, … state/monarch gave more rights) 2.From Crisis to Revolutiona.The Convocation of the Estatesi.The Cahiers de Doléances1.Concentration of power in France in favor of the king2.Absolute power -> Make the state strong but brittle 3.Provincial elites come to the same place, could make some decisions, unsure for the king4.King: collect people’s concerns and pass to Paris, and the leadership can discuss -> a notebook of complaints from people never were given the right, political upheaval TheCahiers de Doléances5.A revolutionary way to invite these people and give them the right to involve to politics 6.Radically different visions of what the society should be organized inside the book 7.E.g. not democratic, state vote (vote by order) -> people saying, what about us?